PilonCoteFyles1996

Référence

Pilon, C. E., Cote, B. and Fyles, J.W. (1996) Effect of an artificially induced drought on leaf peroxidase activity, mineral nutrition and growth of sugar maple. Plant and Soil, 179(2):151-158.

Résumé

The effect of an artificially induced drought was investigated in an 80- year-old sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stand in southern Quebec. We hypothesized that leaf peroxidase activity would increase, and that leaf nutrient deficiencies typical of declining trees (K, Mg) would develop during the year following the imposition of the drought. An impermeable tarpaulin was placed on the ground at the base of the trees during the summer of 1991. Foliage and soils were sampled periodically during the summers of 1991 and 1992. The treated trees showed decreased leaf water potential and increased peroxidase activity over most of the 1991 growing season. Diameter growth was significantly reduced in 1992. Soil NO3/- and K+ were elevated while Mn2+ was reduced under the tarpaulin treatment at various times during the 1991 growing season. Soil NO3/-, NH4/+, K+ and Mg2+ were elevated in the treated plots at various times during the 1992 growing season even though there was a lack of effect on foliar nutrient concentrations over the same period. Drought conditions may have reduced water and nutrient uptake without significantly affecting leaf nutrient status.

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@ARTICLE { PilonCoteFyles1996,
    AUTHOR = { Pilon, C. E. and Cote, B. and Fyles, J.W. },
    TITLE = { Effect of an artificially induced drought on leaf peroxidase activity, mineral nutrition and growth of sugar maple },
    JOURNAL = { Plant and Soil },
    YEAR = { 1996 },
    VOLUME = { 179 },
    PAGES = { 151-158 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 0032079X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 2 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: PLSOA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Cote, B.; Dept. of Natural Resource Sciences; Macdonald Campus; McGill University; 111 Lakeshore Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Que. H9X 3V9, Canada },
    ABSTRACT = { The effect of an artificially induced drought was investigated in an 80- year-old sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.) stand in southern Quebec. We hypothesized that leaf peroxidase activity would increase, and that leaf nutrient deficiencies typical of declining trees (K, Mg) would develop during the year following the imposition of the drought. An impermeable tarpaulin was placed on the ground at the base of the trees during the summer of 1991. Foliage and soils were sampled periodically during the summers of 1991 and 1992. The treated trees showed decreased leaf water potential and increased peroxidase activity over most of the 1991 growing season. Diameter growth was significantly reduced in 1992. Soil NO3/- and K+ were elevated while Mn2+ was reduced under the tarpaulin treatment at various times during the 1991 growing season. Soil NO3/-, NH4/+, K+ and Mg2+ were elevated in the treated plots at various times during the 1992 growing season even though there was a lack of effect on foliar nutrient concentrations over the same period. Drought conditions may have reduced water and nutrient uptake without significantly affecting leaf nutrient status. },
    KEYWORDS = { Acer saccharum forest decline soil fertility water stress },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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