CholetHouleSylvainEtAl2022

Référence

Cholet, C., Houle, D., Sylvain, J.-D., Doyon, F., Maheu, A. (2022) Climate Change Increases the Severity and Duration of Soil Water Stress in the Temperate Forest of Eastern North America. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 5. (Scopus )

Résumé

Under climate change, drought conditions are projected to intensify and soil water stress is identified as one of the primary drivers of the decline of forests. While there is strong evidence of such megadisturbance in semi-arid regions, large uncertainties remain in North American temperate forests and fine-scale assessments of future soil water stress are needed to guide adaptation decisions. The objectives of this study were to (i) assess the impact of climate change on the severity and duration of soil water stress in a temperate forest of eastern North America and (ii) identify environmental factors driving the spatial variability of soil water stress levels. We modeled current and future soil moisture at a 1 km resolution with the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS). Despite a slight increase in precipitation during the growing season, the severity (95th percentile of absolute soil water potential) and duration (number of days where absolute soil water potential is greater than or equal to 9,000 hPa) of soil water stress were projected to increase on average by 1,680 hPa and 6.7 days in 80 years under RCP8.5, which correspond to a 33 and 158% increase compared to current levels. The largest increase in severity was projected to occur in areas currently experiencing short periods of soil water stress, while the largest increase in duration is rather likely to occur in areas already experiencing prolonged periods of soil water stress. Soil depth and, to a lesser extent, soil texture, were identified as the main controls of the spatial variability of projected changes in the severity and duration of soil water stress. Overall, these results highlight the need to disentangle impacts associated with an increase in the severity vs. in the duration of soil water stress to guide the management of temperate forests under climate change. Copyright © 2022 Cholet, Houle, Sylvain, Doyon and Maheu.

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@ARTICLE { CholetHouleSylvainEtAl2022,
    AUTHOR = { Cholet, C. and Houle, D. and Sylvain, J.-D. and Doyon, F. and Maheu, A. },
    JOURNAL = { Frontiers in Forests and Global Change },
    TITLE = { Climate Change Increases the Severity and Duration of Soil Water Stress in the Temperate Forest of Eastern North America },
    YEAR = { 2022 },
    NOTE = { Cited by: 0; All Open Access, Gold Open Access },
    VOLUME = { 5 },
    ABSTRACT = { Under climate change, drought conditions are projected to intensify and soil water stress is identified as one of the primary drivers of the decline of forests. While there is strong evidence of such megadisturbance in semi-arid regions, large uncertainties remain in North American temperate forests and fine-scale assessments of future soil water stress are needed to guide adaptation decisions. The objectives of this study were to (i) assess the impact of climate change on the severity and duration of soil water stress in a temperate forest of eastern North America and (ii) identify environmental factors driving the spatial variability of soil water stress levels. We modeled current and future soil moisture at a 1 km resolution with the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (CLASS). Despite a slight increase in precipitation during the growing season, the severity (95th percentile of absolute soil water potential) and duration (number of days where absolute soil water potential is greater than or equal to 9,000 hPa) of soil water stress were projected to increase on average by 1,680 hPa and 6.7 days in 80 years under RCP8.5, which correspond to a 33 and 158% increase compared to current levels. The largest increase in severity was projected to occur in areas currently experiencing short periods of soil water stress, while the largest increase in duration is rather likely to occur in areas already experiencing prolonged periods of soil water stress. Soil depth and, to a lesser extent, soil texture, were identified as the main controls of the spatial variability of projected changes in the severity and duration of soil water stress. Overall, these results highlight the need to disentangle impacts associated with an increase in the severity vs. in the duration of soil water stress to guide the management of temperate forests under climate change. Copyright © 2022 Cholet, Houle, Sylvain, Doyon and Maheu. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { climate change; drought; land surface modeling; Northeast American temperate forests; soil moisture modeling; soil water stress; water availability },
    DOI = { 10.3389/ffgc.2022.879382 },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    PUBLICATION_STAGE = { Final },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85131858093&doi=10.3389%2fffgc.2022.879382&partnerID=40&md5=1c420504a522fe0b3960cbb333108885 },
}

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