AnfodilloDeslauriersMenardiEtAl2012

Référence

Anfodillo, T., Deslauriers, A., Menardi, R., Tedoldi, L., Petit, G. and Rossi, S. (2012) Widening of xylem conduits in a conifer tree depends on the longer time of cell expansion downwards along the stem. Journal of Experimental Botany, 63(2):837-845. (Scopus )

Résumé

The diameter of vascular conduits increases towards the stem base. It has been suggested that this profile is an efficient anatomical feature for reducing the hydraulic resistance when trees grow taller. However, the mechanism that controls the cell diameter along the plant is not fully understood. The timing of cell differentiation along the stem was investigated. Cambial activity and cell differentiation were investigated in a Picea abies tree (11.5 m in height) collecting microsamples at nine different heights (from 1 to 9 m) along the stem with a 4 d time interval. Wood sections (8-12 µm thick) were stained and observed under a light microscope with polarized light to differentiate the developing xylem cells. Cell wall lignification was detected using cresyl violet acetate. The first enlarging cells appeared almost simultaneously along the tree axis indicating that cambium activation is not height-dependent. A significant increase in the duration of the cell expansion phase was observed towards the tree base: at 9 m from the ground, xylem cells expanded for 7 d, at 6 m for 14 d, and at 3 m for 19 d. The duration of the expansion phase is positively correlated with the lumen area of the tracheids (r2=0.68, P < 0.01) at the same height. By contrast, thickness of the cell wall of the earlywood did not show any trend with height. The lumen area of the conduits down the stem appeared linearly dependent on time during which differentiating cells remained in the expansion phase. However, the inductive signal of such long-distance patterned differentiation remains to be identified. © 2011 The Author.

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@ARTICLE { AnfodilloDeslauriersMenardiEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Anfodillo, T. and Deslauriers, A. and Menardi, R. and Tedoldi, L. and Petit, G. and Rossi, S. },
    TITLE = { Widening of xylem conduits in a conifer tree depends on the longer time of cell expansion downwards along the stem },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Experimental Botany },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 63 },
    PAGES = { 837-845 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { cited By 28 },
    ABSTRACT = { The diameter of vascular conduits increases towards the stem base. It has been suggested that this profile is an efficient anatomical feature for reducing the hydraulic resistance when trees grow taller. However, the mechanism that controls the cell diameter along the plant is not fully understood. The timing of cell differentiation along the stem was investigated. Cambial activity and cell differentiation were investigated in a Picea abies tree (11.5 m in height) collecting microsamples at nine different heights (from 1 to 9 m) along the stem with a 4 d time interval. Wood sections (8-12 µm thick) were stained and observed under a light microscope with polarized light to differentiate the developing xylem cells. Cell wall lignification was detected using cresyl violet acetate. The first enlarging cells appeared almost simultaneously along the tree axis indicating that cambium activation is not height-dependent. A significant increase in the duration of the cell expansion phase was observed towards the tree base: at 9 m from the ground, xylem cells expanded for 7 d, at 6 m for 14 d, and at 3 m for 19 d. The duration of the expansion phase is positively correlated with the lumen area of the tracheids (r2=0.68, P < 0.01) at the same height. By contrast, thickness of the cell wall of the earlywood did not show any trend with height. The lumen area of the conduits down the stem appeared linearly dependent on time during which differentiating cells remained in the expansion phase. However, the inductive signal of such long-distance patterned differentiation remains to be identified. © 2011 The Author. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Auxin; cambium; cell differentiation; conduit tapering; Picea abies polar pattern growth },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1093/jxb/err309 },
    KEYWORDS = { indoleacetic acid derivative; lignin, article; cambium; cell differentiation; cell wall; growth, development and aging; histology; Italy; metabolism; plant stem; spruce; temperature; time; tree; wood; xylem, Cambium; Cell Differentiation; Cell Wall; Indoleacetic Acids; Italy; Lignin; Picea; Plant Stems; Temperature; Time Factors; Trees; Wood; Xylem, Coniferophyta; Picea abies },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84855865194&partnerID=40&md5=e45ac5086339c74f1e05075a746b3acf },
}

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