LupiMorinDeslauriersEtAl2012b

Référence

Lupi, C., Morin, H., Deslauriers, A. and Rossi, S. (2012) Xylogenesis in black spruce: does soil temperature matter? Tree Physiology, 32(1):74-82.

Résumé

In boreal ecosystems, an increase in soil temperature can stimulate plant growth. However, cambium phenology in trees was better explained by air than soil temperature, which suggested that soil temperature is not the main limiting factor affecting xylogenesis. Since soil temperature and snowmelt are correlated to air temperature, the question whether soil temperature directly limits xylogenesis in the stem will remain unresolved without experiments disentangling air and soil temperatures. This study investigated the effects of an increase of 4 degrees C in soil temperature and a consequent 1-week earlier snowmelt on growth of black spruce [Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP] in the boreal forest of Quebec, Canada. The soil of two natural stands at different altitudes was warmed up with heating cables during 2008-2010 and cambial phenology and xylem production were monitored weekly from April to October. The results showed no significant effect of the treatment on the phenological phases of cell enlargement and wall thickening and lignification. The number of cells produced in the xylem also did not differ between control and heated trees. These findings allowed the hypothesis of a direct influence of soil temperature on stem growth to be rejected and supported the evidence that, in the short term, air temperature is the main limiting factor for xylogenesis in trees of these environments.

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@ARTICLE { LupiMorinDeslauriersEtAl2012b,
    AUTHOR = { Lupi, C. and Morin, H. and Deslauriers, A. and Rossi, S. },
    TITLE = { Xylogenesis in black spruce: does soil temperature matter? },
    JOURNAL = { Tree Physiology },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 32 },
    PAGES = { 74-82 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    ABSTRACT = { In boreal ecosystems, an increase in soil temperature can stimulate plant growth. However, cambium phenology in trees was better explained by air than soil temperature, which suggested that soil temperature is not the main limiting factor affecting xylogenesis. Since soil temperature and snowmelt are correlated to air temperature, the question whether soil temperature directly limits xylogenesis in the stem will remain unresolved without experiments disentangling air and soil temperatures. This study investigated the effects of an increase of 4 degrees C in soil temperature and a consequent 1-week earlier snowmelt on growth of black spruce [Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP] in the boreal forest of Quebec, Canada. The soil of two natural stands at different altitudes was warmed up with heating cables during 2008-2010 and cambial phenology and xylem production were monitored weekly from April to October. The results showed no significant effect of the treatment on the phenological phases of cell enlargement and wall thickening and lignification. The number of cells produced in the xylem also did not differ between control and heated trees. These findings allowed the hypothesis of a direct influence of soil temperature on stem growth to be rejected and supported the evidence that, in the short term, air temperature is the main limiting factor for xylogenesis in trees of these environments. },
    DOI = { 10.1093/treephys/tpr132 },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.02.27 },
}

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