LarchevequeMaurelDesRochersEtAl2011

Référence

Larcheveque, M., Maurel, M., DesRochers, A. and Larocque, G.R. (2011) How does drought tolerance compare between two improved hybrids of balsam poplar and an unimproved native species? Tree Physiology, 31(3):240-249. (Scopus )

Résumé

Poplars are one of the woody plants that are very sensitive to water stress, which may reduce the productivity of fast-growing plantations. Poplars can exhibit several drought tolerance strategies that may impact productivity differently. Trees from two improved hybrids, Populus balsamifera×Populus trichocarpa Torr. & Gray (clone B×T) and P. balsamifera×Populus maximowiczii A. Henry (clone B×M), having P. balsamifera L. as a parent and trees from native and unimproved P. balsamifera were subjected to a 1-month drying cycle in a growth chamber and then rewatered. The unimproved and native B clone maintained higher stomatal conductance (gs) than the hybrids, and high photosynthetic activity and transpiration, even when soil water content was nearly zero. As a result, both instantaneous water use efficiency (WUE i) and leaf carbon isotope composition (δ13C) indicated that this clone was less affected by drought than both hybrids at maximal drought stress. However, this clone shed its leaves when the drought threshold was exceeded, which implied a greater loss of productivity. The B×M hybrid showed a relatively conservative response to water stress, with the greatest decrease in transpiring versus absorbing surface (total leaf area to root biomass ratio). This clone was also the only one to develop new leaves after rewatering, and its total biomass production was not significantly decreased by drought. Among the two hybrids, clone B×T was the most vigorous, with the greatest transpiration (Ei) and net CO2 assimilation (A) rates, allowing for high biomass production. However, it had a more risky strategy under drought conditions by keeping its stomata open and high Ei rates under moderate drought, resulting in a lower recovery rate after rewatering. The opposite drought response strategies of the two hybrids were reflected by clone B×T having lower WUEi values than clone B×M at maximal drought, with a very low Ψmin value of -3.2MPa, despite closed stomata and stopped photosynthetic activity. Positive linear relationships between A and gs for the three hybrids indicated strong stomatal control of photosynthesis. Moreover, the three poplar clones showed anisohydric behaviour for stomatal control and their use under long-term drought should be of interest, especially the B×M clone. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { LarchevequeMaurelDesRochersEtAl2011,
    AUTHOR = { Larcheveque, M. and Maurel, M. and DesRochers, A. and Larocque, G.R. },
    TITLE = { How does drought tolerance compare between two improved hybrids of balsam poplar and an unimproved native species? },
    JOURNAL = { Tree Physiology },
    YEAR = { 2011 },
    VOLUME = { 31 },
    PAGES = { 240-249 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    ABSTRACT = { Poplars are one of the woody plants that are very sensitive to water stress, which may reduce the productivity of fast-growing plantations. Poplars can exhibit several drought tolerance strategies that may impact productivity differently. Trees from two improved hybrids, Populus balsamifera×Populus trichocarpa Torr. & Gray (clone B×T) and P. balsamifera×Populus maximowiczii A. Henry (clone B×M), having P. balsamifera L. as a parent and trees from native and unimproved P. balsamifera were subjected to a 1-month drying cycle in a growth chamber and then rewatered. The unimproved and native B clone maintained higher stomatal conductance (gs) than the hybrids, and high photosynthetic activity and transpiration, even when soil water content was nearly zero. As a result, both instantaneous water use efficiency (WUE i) and leaf carbon isotope composition (δ13C) indicated that this clone was less affected by drought than both hybrids at maximal drought stress. However, this clone shed its leaves when the drought threshold was exceeded, which implied a greater loss of productivity. The B×M hybrid showed a relatively conservative response to water stress, with the greatest decrease in transpiring versus absorbing surface (total leaf area to root biomass ratio). This clone was also the only one to develop new leaves after rewatering, and its total biomass production was not significantly decreased by drought. Among the two hybrids, clone B×T was the most vigorous, with the greatest transpiration (Ei) and net CO2 assimilation (A) rates, allowing for high biomass production. However, it had a more risky strategy under drought conditions by keeping its stomata open and high Ei rates under moderate drought, resulting in a lower recovery rate after rewatering. The opposite drought response strategies of the two hybrids were reflected by clone B×T having lower WUEi values than clone B×M at maximal drought, with a very low Ψmin value of -3.2MPa, despite closed stomata and stopped photosynthetic activity. Positive linear relationships between A and gs for the three hybrids indicated strong stomatal control of photosynthesis. Moreover, the three poplar clones showed anisohydric behaviour for stomatal control and their use under long-term drought should be of interest, especially the B×M clone. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. },
    COMMENT = { Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 24 May 2011 Source: Scopus CODEN: TRPHE doi: 10.1093/treephys/tpr011 },
    ISSN = { 0829318X (ISSN) },
    KEYWORDS = { anisohydric, growth, hydraulic conductance, leaf water potential, photosynthesis, productivity, stomatal conductance, transpiration, water use efficiency },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2011.05.24 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-79955458456&partnerID=40&md5=4bcec677aa37ba69982306c02a28633c },
}

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