DesRochersVanThomas2003

Référence

DesRochers, A., Van Den Driessche, R. and Thomas, B.R. (2003) Nitrogen fertilization of trembling aspen seedlings grown on soils of different pH. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(4):552-560.

Résumé

Seedlings from three open-pollinated aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) families were grown in a greenhouse with four nitrogen (N) sources, each at two N levels and three pH levels. Nitrogen sources were ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4), calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2), ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), and urea ((NH2)2CO); N levels were 50 and 200 mg·L-1 (100-mL aliquots three times per week); and pH levels were 5, 6, and 7. Shoot dry mass and leaf area increased with pH in (NH4)2SO4 and (NH2)2CO treatments, but were greatest at pH 6 in the NH4NO3 and Ca(NO3)2 treatments as a result of a pH x N source interaction. N level was directly related to growth, net assimilation, water-use efficiency, and leaf carbon isotope ratio, while N source had no effect on these parameters. Seedlings from families 2 and 3 grew larger than seedlings from family 1, which allocated relatively more dry matter to roots. Growth of the three families interacted with soil pH so that family 1 was largest at pH 7, but families 2 and 3 were largest at pH 6. Seedling boron (B) uptake was reduced by increasing pH and by the Ca(NO3)2 fertilizer. These results were interpreted to show that although the three families seemed well adapted to all the N and pH conditions to which they were exposed, growth could be increased by selection of a fertilizer most suitable to the pH and availability of other nutrients in the soil.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { DesRochersVanThomas2003,
    AUTHOR = { DesRochers, A. and Van Den Driessche, R. and Thomas, B.R. },
    TITLE = { Nitrogen fertilization of trembling aspen seedlings grown on soils of different pH },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 33 },
    PAGES = { 552-560 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 9 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/x02-191 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: DesRochers, A.; Univ. Que. en Abitibi-Temiscamingue; 445, blvd. de l'Universite? Rouyn-Noranda, Que. J9X 5E7, Canada; email: annie.desrochers@uqat.ca References: Beckingham, J.D., Archibald, J.H., Field guide to ecosites of northern Alberta (1996) Can. For. Serv. North. For. Cent. Spec. Rep., 5; Chappell, H.N., Weetman, G.F., Miller, R.E., Forest fertilization: sustaining and improving nutrition and growth of western forests (1992) Univ. Wash. Inst. For. Resour. Contrib., 73; Coyne, P.I., Van Cleve, K., Fertilizer induced morphological and chemical responses of a quaking aspen stand in Interior Alaska (1977) For. Sci., 23, pp. 92-102; Czapowskyj, M.M., Safford, L.O., Growth response to fertilizer in a young aspen-birch stand (1979) USDA For. Serv. Res. Note, , NE-274; Dangerfield, J., Brix, H., Comparative effects of ammonium nitrate and urea fertilizers on tree growth and soil processes (1979) Proceedings of Forest Fertilization Conference, pp. 133-139. , Edited by S.P. Gessel, R.M. Kenady, and W.A. Atkinson. College of Forest Resources, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash. Contrib. 40; Ellis, R.C., Von Althen, F.W., Fertilization of adult and juvenile hardwoods in Ontario. Forest fertilization: Symposium proceedings (1973) USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep., pp. 174-187. , NE-3; Evers, F.H., Die bedeutund der stickstofform fu?r wachstum und erna?hrung ger pflanzen, inbesondere der waldba?ume (1964) Mitt. Ver. Forstl. Standortsk. Forstpfl. Zucht, 14, pp. 19-37; Farquhar, G.D., O'Leary, M.H., Berry, J.A., On the relationship between carbon isotope discrimination and the intercellular carbon dioxide concentration in leaves (1982) Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 9, pp. 121-137; Garnett, T.P., Smethurst, P.J., Ammonium and nitrate uptake by Eucalyptus nitens: Effects of pH and temperature (1999) Plant Soil, 214, pp. 133-140; Gupta, U.C., MacLeod, J.A., Plant and soil boron as influenced by soil pH and calcium sources on Podzol soils (1981) Soil Sci., 131, pp. 20-25; Gupta, U.C., Jame, Y.W., Campbell, C.A., Leyshon, A.J., Nicholaichuck, W., Boron toxicity and deficiency: A review (1985) Can. J. Soil Sci., 65, pp. 381-409; Heilman, P.E., Growth and N status of Populus in mixture with red alder on recent volcanic mudflow from Mount Saint Helens (1990) Can. J. For. Res., 20, pp. 84-90; Heilman, P.E., Sustaining production: Nutrient dynamics and soils (1992) Ecophysiology of Short Rotation Crops, pp. 216-230. , Edited by C.P. Mitchell, J.R. Ford-Robertson, T. Hinkley, and L. Sennerby-Forse. Elsevier, Amsterdam; Hemming, J.D.C., Lindroth, R.L., Effects of light and nutrient availability on aspen: Growth, phytochemistry, and insect performance (1999) J. Chem. Ecol., 25, pp. 1687-1714; Huang, W.Z., Schoenau, J.J., Forms, amounts and distribution of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulfur in a boreal aspen forest soil (1996) Can. J. Soil Sci., 76, pp. 373-385; Kowalenko, C.G., Extraction of available sulfur (1993) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, pp. 65-67. , Edited by M.R. Carter. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla; Kronzucker, H.J., Siddiqi, M.Y., Glass, D.M., Kinetics of NO3- influx in spruce (1995) Plant Physiol., 109, pp. 319-326; Kronzucker, H.J., Siddiqi, M.Y., Glass, D.M., Kinetics of NH4+ influx in spruce (1996) Plant Physiol., 110, pp. 773-779; Lavoie, N., Vezina, L.-P., Margolis, H.A., Absorption and assimilation of nitrate and ammonium ions by jack pine seedlings (1992) Tree Physiol., 11, pp. 178-183; Livingston, N.J., Whitehead, D., Kelliher, F.M., Wang, Y.-P., Grace, J.C., Walcroft, A.S., Byers, J.N., Millard, P., Nitrogen allocation and carbon isotope fractionation in relation to intercepted radiation and position in a young Pinus radiata D. Don tree (1998) Plant Cell Environ., 21, pp. 795-803; Maynard, D.G., Kalra, Y.P., Nitrate and exchangeable ammonium nitrate (1993) Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, pp. 25-42. , Edited by M.R. Carter. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla; Mengel, K., Kirkby, E.A., (1982) Principles of Plant Nutrition, , International Potash Institute,P.O. Box, CH-3048 Worblaufen-Bern, Switzerland; Min, X., Siddiqi, M.Y., Guy, R., Glass, A.D.M., Kronzucker, H.J., Induction of nitrate uptake and nitrate reductase activity in trembling aspen and lodgepole pine (1998) Plant Cell Environ., 21, pp. 1039-1046; Mitchell, H.L., Chandler, R.F., The nitrogen nutrition and growth of certain deciduous trees of northeastern United States. With a discussion of the principles and practices of leaf analysis as applied to forest trees (1939) The Black Rock Forest Bull., 11; Nason, G.E., Pluth, D.J., Hardin, R.T., McGill, W.B., Dynamics of foliar N in Douglas-fir after spring and fall application of ammonium nitrate and urea (1990) Can. J. For. Res., 20, pp. 1515-1523; Olsen, S.R., Micronutrient interactions (1972) Micronutrients in Agriculture, pp. 243-264. , Edited by J.J. Mortvedt, P.M. Giordano, and W.L. Lindsay. Soil Science Society of Amererica. Inc., Madison, Wis; Perala, D.A., Populus tremuloides Michx. Quaking aspen (1990) U.S. Dep. Agric. Agric. Handb., 654. , Silvics of North America. Vol. 2. Hardwoods; Peterson, E.B., Peterson, N.M., Ecology, management, and use of aspen and balsam poplar in the prairie provinces (1992) Canada. For. Can. North. For. Cent. Spec. Rep., 1; Raven, J.A., Farquhar, G.D., The influence of N metabolism and organic acid synthesis on the natural abundance of isotopes of carbon in plants (1990) New Phytol., 116, pp. 505-529; Raven, J.A., Smith, F.A., Nitrogen assimilation and transport in vascular land plants in relation to intracellular pH regulation (1976) New Phytol., 76, pp. 415-431; Siegwolf, R.T.W., Matyssek, R., Saurer, M., Maurer, S., Gunthardt-Goerg, M.S., Schmutz, P., Bucher, J.B., Stable isotope analysis reveals differential effects of soil nitrogen and nitrogen dioxide on the water use efficiency in hybrid poplar leaves (2001) New Phytol., 149, pp. 233-246; Soon, Y.K., Miller, M.H., Changes in the rhizosphere due to NH4 and NO3 fertilization and phosphorus uptake by corn seedlings (1977) Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 41, pp. 77-80; Tamm, C.O., Aronsson, A., Popovic, B., Flower-Ellis, J., Optimum nutrition and nitrogen saturation in Scots pine stands (1999) Studia Forest. Suecica, 206, pp. 1-126; Timmer, V.R., Interpretation of seedling analysis and visual symptoms (1991) Mineral Nutrition of Conifer Seedlings, pp. 113-134. , Edited by R. van den Driessche. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla; Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., Beaton, J.D., (1985) Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 4th Ed., , Macmillan Publishing Company, New York; Van Cleve, K., Oliver, L.K., Growth response of postfire quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) to N, P, and K fertilization (1982) Can. J. For. Res., 12, pp. 160-165; Van Den Driessche, R., Response of Douglas-fir seedlings to nitrate and ammonium nitrogen sources at different levels of pH and iron supply (1978) Plant Soil, 49, pp. 607-623; Van Den Driessche, R., First year growth response of four Populus trichocarpa x Populus dehoides clones to fertilizer placement and level (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 554-562; Van Wijk, C.K., Prins, H.B.A., The kinetics of NH4+ and NO3- uptake by Douglas fir from single N-solutions and from solutions containing both NH4+ and NO3- (1993) Plant Soil, 151, pp. 91-96; Wollum, A.G., Davey, C.B., Nitrogen accumulation, transformation and transport in forest soils (1975) Forest Soils and Forest Land Management, pp. 67-106. , Edited by B. Bernier and C.H. Winget. Presses de l'Universite? Laval, Sainte-Foy, Que; Yang, R.C., (1991) Fertilization: A Tool for Managing Aspen in Western Canada, , For. Can., Northwest Region, For. Manage. Note 54. },
    ABSTRACT = { Seedlings from three open-pollinated aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) families were grown in a greenhouse with four nitrogen (N) sources, each at two N levels and three pH levels. Nitrogen sources were ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4), calcium nitrate (Ca(NO3)2), ammonium nitrate (NH4NO3), and urea ((NH2)2CO); N levels were 50 and 200 mg·L-1 (100-mL aliquots three times per week); and pH levels were 5, 6, and 7. Shoot dry mass and leaf area increased with pH in (NH4)2SO4 and (NH2)2CO treatments, but were greatest at pH 6 in the NH4NO3 and Ca(NO3)2 treatments as a result of a pH x N source interaction. N level was directly related to growth, net assimilation, water-use efficiency, and leaf carbon isotope ratio, while N source had no effect on these parameters. Seedlings from families 2 and 3 grew larger than seedlings from family 1, which allocated relatively more dry matter to roots. Growth of the three families interacted with soil pH so that family 1 was largest at pH 7, but families 2 and 3 were largest at pH 6. Seedling boron (B) uptake was reduced by increasing pH and by the Ca(NO3)2 fertilizer. These results were interpreted to show that although the three families seemed well adapted to all the N and pH conditions to which they were exposed, growth could be increased by selection of a fertilizer most suitable to the pH and availability of other nutrients in the soil. },
    KEYWORDS = { Fertilizers Greenhouse effect Isotopes Nitrogen pH Soils Water-use efficiency Seed fertilizer application growth nitrogen pH seedling Populus tremuloides },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Mycorhizes_2019 ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...