DesRochersThomasButson2004

Référence

DesRochers, A., Thomas, B.R. and Butson, R. (2004) Reclamation of roads and landings with balsam poplar cuttings. Forest Ecology and Management, 199(1):39-50.

Résumé

Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera L.) can easily be grown when planted as dormant, unrooted cuttings. The first part of this research project consisted of a greenhouse study to identify the best combination of pre-planting treatments to maximize rooting of hardwood cuttings for large-scale greenhouse propagation. Eighty-four treatment combinations were tested on 10 cm-long cuttings, including seven soaking lengths of time (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 14 days), three dips (none, powder and liquid rooting hormone), two collection dates (fall and spring), and two cutting selections (average trees and a superior clone). Secondly, we tested the performance of unrooted cuttings on typical forestry sites lacking natural regeneration, using 30 cm-long cuttings and full-length whips (>60 cm). Three pre-planting treatment combinations were used (soaking for 1 or 3 days, or 3 days with a dip in rooting hormone). Other factors tested were two collection dates (fall and spring), two cutting selections (average trees and a superior clone), two storage methods (stored as full whips or cut to size), and two cutting locations (basal or top 30 cm of stools). © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { DesRochersThomasButson2004,
    AUTHOR = { DesRochers, A. and Thomas, B.R. and Butson, R. },
    TITLE = { Reclamation of roads and landings with balsam poplar cuttings },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2004 },
    VOLUME = { 199 },
    PAGES = { 39-50 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.04.018 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: DesRochers, A.; Univ. Quebec Abitibi-Temiscamingue; 551 - 1e?re Rue Est Amos, Que. J9T 2H3, Canada; email: annie.desrochers@uqat.ca References: Allen, R.M., McComb, A.L., (1956) Rooting of Cottonwood Cuttings, 10p. , USDA For. Serv., Southern For. Exp. Sta. Occasional Paper 151; (1982) Average Frost-free Days, , Alberta Bureau of Surveying and Mapping, Edmonton, Canada; Berthelot, A., Qualite? des boutures de peuplier (1990) Informations-Fore?t, Afocel Armef, 3, pp. 233-248; Bloomberg, W.J., Root formation of black cottonwood cuttings in relation to region of parent shoot (1959) For. Chron., 35, pp. 13-17; Cunningham, T.W., Farmer Jr., R.E., Seasonal variation in propagability of dormant balsam poplar cuttings (1984) Plant Propagat., 30, pp. 13-15; Desrochers, A., Thomas, B.R., A comparison of pre-planting treatments on hardwood cuttings of four hybrid poplar clones (2003) New For., 26, pp. 17-32; Dewar, S.W., Berglund, E.R., First-year survival and growth of willow and poplar cuttings on taconite tailings in Minnesota (1983) Proceedings of the 1983 Symposium of Surface Mining, Sedimentology and Reclamation, pp. 141-147. , University of Kentucky, Lexington; Dewit, L., Reid, D.M., Branch abscission in balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera): Characterization of the phenomenon and the influence of wind (1992) Int. J. Plant Sci., 153, pp. 556-564; Dumant, M.J., Implantation de taillis de peupliers e?chelonne?s au cours de la saison froide (1979) Annales de Recherches Sylvicoles Tome, 1, pp. 252-263; Farmer Jr., R.E., Rooting dormant cuttings of mature cottonwood (1966) J. For., 64, pp. 196-197; Fege, A.S., Phipps, H., Effect of collection date and storage conditions on field performances of Populus hardwood cuttings (1984) Can. J. For. Res., 14, pp. 119-123; Hansen, E.A., Planting date affects survival and height growth of hybrid poplar (1986) For. Chron., 62, pp. 164-169; Hansen, E.A., Netzer, D.A., Tolsted, D.N., (1993) Guidelines for Establishing Poplar Plantations in the North-Central US, 6p. , USDA For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta., Res. Note NC-363; Hosie, R.C., (1979) Native Trees of Canada, 8th Ed., 380p. , Fitzhenry and Whiteside Ltd., Ottawa, Ont; Houle, G., Babeux, P., Temporal variations in the rooting ability of cuttings of Populus balsamifera and Salix planifolia from natural clones-populations of subarctic Quebec (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 2603-2608; Irwin, L.L., Foods of moose (Alces alces) and white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) on a burn in boreal forest (1985) Can. Field. Nat., 99, pp. 240-245; Karaim, B.W., Wengert, E.M., Szabo, T., (1990) Opportunities for Aspen and Balsam Poplar Utilization in Alberta, pp. 253-274. , USDA For. Serv., North Central For. Exp. Sta., Gen. Tech. Rep. 140; Kozlowski, T.T., Pallardy, S.G., (1997) Physiology of Woody Plants, 2nd Ed., 411p. , Academic Press, New York; Landha?usser, S.M., Desrochers, A., Lieffers, V.J., A comparison of growth and physiology in white spruce (Picea glauca) and aspen (Populus tremuloides) at different soil temperatures (2001) Can. J. For. Res., 31, pp. 1922-1929; Landha?usser, S.M., Lieffers, V.J., Growth of Populus tremuloides in association with Calamagrostis canadensis (1998) Can. J. For. Res., 28, pp. 396-401; Landha?usser, S.M., Lieffers, V.J., Rhizome growth of Calamagrostis canadensis into mounds created for tree seedling establishment (1999) New For., 18, pp. 245-262; Nordine, R.M., Propagation from hardwood cuttings (1984) Plants Gardens, 40, pp. 40-42; Petersen, L.A., Phipps, H.M., Water soaking pre-treatment improves rooting and early survival of hardwood cuttings of some Populus clones (1976) Tree Plant. Notes, 27, pp. 12-22; Peterson, E.B., Peterson, N.M., (1992) Ecology, Management, and Use of Aspen and Balsam Poplar in the Prairie Provinces, 252p. , Forestry Canada, Northwest Region, Special Report 1. Alberta, Canada; Peterson, E.B., Peterson, N.M., McLennan, D.S., (1996) Black Cottonwood and Balsam Poplar Manager's Handbook for British Columbia, 116p. , FDRA report 250, BC Ministry of Forests; Phipps, H.M., Netzer, D.A., The influence of collection time and storage temperature on Populus hardwood cutting development (1981) Tree Plant. Notes, 32, pp. 33-36; Reichardt, P.B., Bryant, J.P., Mattes, B.R., Clausen, T.P., Chapin III, F.S., Meyer, M., Winter chemical defense of Alaskan poplar against snowshoe hares (1990) J. Chem. Ecol., 16, pp. 1941-1959; Riemenschneider, D.E., Breeding and nursery propagation of cottonwood and hybrid poplars for use in intensively cultured plantations (1997) National Proceedings of the Forest and Conservation Nursery Associations, pp. 38-42. , USDA For. Serv. Pacific Northwest Res. Sta; Rossi, P., Length of cuttings in juvenile development of a hybrid poplar clone (1991) New For., 5, pp. 211-218; Schroeder, W.R., Walker, D.S., Effect of cutting position on rooting and shoot growth of two poplar clones (1991) New For., 4, pp. 281-289; Sinclair, A.R.E., Smith, J.N.M., Do plant secondary compounds determine feeding preferences of snowshoe hares? (1984) Oecologia, 61, pp. 403-410; Smith, N.G., Wareing, P.F., The distribution of latent root primordia in stems of Populus×robusta, and factors affecting the emergence of preformed roots (1974) Forestry, 45, pp. 197-209; Strong, W.L., Leggat, K.R., (1992) Ecoregions of Alberta, , Alberta Forestry, Lands and Wildlife, Edmonton, Alberta; Timmermann, H.R., McNicol, J.G., Moose habitat needs (1988) For. Chron., 62, pp. 238-245. },
    ABSTRACT = { Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera L.) can easily be grown when planted as dormant, unrooted cuttings. The first part of this research project consisted of a greenhouse study to identify the best combination of pre-planting treatments to maximize rooting of hardwood cuttings for large-scale greenhouse propagation. Eighty-four treatment combinations were tested on 10 cm-long cuttings, including seven soaking lengths of time (0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 14 days), three dips (none, powder and liquid rooting hormone), two collection dates (fall and spring), and two cutting selections (average trees and a superior clone). Secondly, we tested the performance of unrooted cuttings on typical forestry sites lacking natural regeneration, using 30 cm-long cuttings and full-length whips (>60 cm). Three pre-planting treatment combinations were used (soaking for 1 or 3 days, or 3 days with a dip in rooting hormone). Other factors tested were two collection dates (fall and spring), two cutting selections (average trees and a superior clone), two storage methods (stored as full whips or cut to size), and two cutting locations (basal or top 30 cm of stools). © 2004 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Balsam poplar NSR Populus balsamifera Reforestation Rooting Rooting hormone Site reclamation Unrooted cuttings Forestry Greenhouse effect Hardwoods Industrial research Land reclamation Roads and streets Liquid rooting Pre-planting treatments Unrooted cuttings Ecology propagation (horticulture) reforestation road tree planting Ecology Forestry Greenhouse Effect Hardwoods Research Roads Populus Populus balsamifera Populus berolinensis },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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