DesRochersDriesscheThomas2006

Référence

DesRochers, A., van den Driessche, R. and Thomas, B.R. (2006) NPK fertilization at planting of three hybrid poplar clones in the boreal region of Alberta. Forest Ecology and Management, 232(1-3):216-225.

Résumé

Trees from three hybrid poplar clones (one Populus balsamifera × P. simonii clone and two P. deltoides × P. × petrowskyana clones), were grown for 3 years in an agricultural field and fertilized at planting with 27 combinations of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertilizers. Fertilizers used were granular ammonium nitrate (34.5-0-0) at three levels (0, 8 and 16 g/tree), triple-super-phosphate (0-45-0) at three levels (0, 12.5 and 25 g/tree), and potassium sulfate (0-0-50) at three levels (0, 8 and 16 g /tree). Growth responses to N fertilization were negative during the first growing season: N fertilization reduced growth, net assimilation rate (A), stomatal conductance (Gs), and increased the abundance of 13C in the leaves. These results might be related to the soil pH at the site which ranged from 7.7 to 8.1, and to the dry conditions that prevailed during the first growing season. Leaf N concentrations were unaffected by the fertilization level. Conversely, N fertilization decreased leaf P concentrations, which were in turn positively correlated with growth and negatively correlated with carbon isotopic composition (?13C). There were clonal differences in ?13C that varied between the first and second growing seasons in relation to the relative growth rates of the clones. Growth responses to fertilization at planting were nil or slightly positive during the second and third growing seasons. These results indicated that ammonium nitrate was unsuitable for fertilizing these hybrid poplar clones at planting, and that further study is required to test fertilization at planting with nitrate-N versus ammonium-N sources under these field conditions. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { DesRochersDriesscheThomas2006,
    AUTHOR = { DesRochers, A. and van den Driessche, R. and Thomas, B.R. },
    TITLE = { NPK fertilization at planting of three hybrid poplar clones in the boreal region of Alberta },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 232 },
    PAGES = { 216-225 },
    NUMBER = { 1-3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2006.06.004 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: DesRochers, A.; De?p. Sciences Applique?es; Universite? du Que?bec en Abitibi-Te?miscamingue; 341 rue Principale nord Amos, Que. J9T 2L8, Canada; email: annie.desrochers@uqat.ca References: Ackerly, D.D., Adaptation, niche conservatism, and convergence: comparative studies of leaf evolution in the California chaparral (2004) Am. Nat., 163, pp. 654-671; Bengtsson, B., Asp, H., Jensen, P., Uptake and distribution of calcium and phosphorus in beech (Fagus sylvatica) as influenced by aluminium and nitrogen (1994) Tree Physiol., 14, pp. 63-73; Brown, K.R., van den Driessche, R., Growth and nutrition of hybrid poplars over 3 years after fertilization at planting (2002) Can. J. For. Res., 32, pp. 226-232; Brown, K.R., van den Driessche, R., Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilization on the growth and nutrition of hybrid poplars on Vancouver Island (2005) New For., 29, pp. 89-104; Bru?ck, H., Payne, W.A., Sattelmacher, B., Effects of phosphorus and water supply on yield, transpirational water-use efficiency, and carbon isotope discrimination of pearl millet (2000) Crop Sci., 40, pp. 120-125; Choi, W.-J., Chang, S.X., Hao, X., Soil retention, tree uptake, and tree resorption of 15NH4NO3 and NH415NO3 applied to trembling and hybrid aspens at planting (2005) Can. J. For. Res., 35, pp. 823-831; Coyne, P.I., van Cleve, K., Fertilizer induced morphological and chemical responses of a quaking aspen stand in interior Alaska (1977) For. Sci., 23, pp. 92-102; De Silva, D.L.R., Hetherington, A.M., Mansfield, T.A., Synergism between calcium ions and abscisic acid in preventing stomatal opening (1985) New Phytol., 100, pp. 473-482; DesRochers, A., van den Driessche, R., Thomas, B.R., Nitrogen fertilization of aspen seedlings grown on soils of different pH (2003) Can. J. For. Res., 33, pp. 552-560; ; Fair, J.M., Breshears, D.D., Drought stress and fluctuating asymmetry in Quercus undulata leaves: confounding effects of absolute and relative amounts of stress? (2005) J. Arid Environ., 62, pp. 235-249; Farquhar, G.D., Ehleringer, J.R., Hubick, K.T., Carbon isotope discrimination and photosynthesis (1989) Annu. Rev. Plant Physiol. Mol. Biol., 40, pp. 503-537; Gordon, J.C., Poplars: trees of the people, trees of the future (2001) For. Chron., 77, pp. 217-219; Gupta, U.C., MacLoed, J.A., Plant and soil boron as influenced by soil pH and calcium sources on Podzol soils (1981) Soil Sci., 131, pp. 20-25; ; Harvey, H.P., van den Driessche, R., Nutrition, xylem cavitation and drought resistance in hybrid poplar (1997) Tree Physiol., 17, pp. 647-654; Harvey, H.P., van den Driessche, R., Nitrogen and potassium effects on xylem cavitation and water-use efficiency in poplars (1999) Tree Physiol., 19, pp. 943-950; Hogberg, P., Johannisson, C., Hallgren, J.-E., Studies of 13C in the foliage reveal interactions between nutrients and water in forest fertilization experiments (1993) Plant Soil, 142, pp. 207-214; Hogg, E.H., Climate and the southern limit of the Western Canadian boreal forest (1994) Can. J. For. Res., 24, pp. 1835-1845; Hosie, R.C., (1979) Native Trees of Canada. 8th ed., , Fitzhenry and Whiteside Ltd., Ottawa, Ont. 380 pp; Huffaker, R.C., Rains, D.W., Factors influencing nitrate acquisition by plants; assimilation and fate of reduced nitrogen (1978) Nitrogen in the Environment: Soil-Plant-Nitrogen Relationships, 2, pp. 1-43. , Nielsen D.R., and MacDonald J.G. (Eds), Academic Press, New York; ; Leech, W.S., Kim, Y.T., Foliar diagnosis and DRIS as a guide to fertilizer amendments in poplar plantations (1981) For. Chron., 57, pp. 17-21; Livingston, N.J., Spittlehouse, D.L., Carbon isotope fractionation in tree ring early and late wood in relation to intra-growing season water balance (1996) Plant Cell Environ., 19, pp. 768-774; Livingston, N.J., Guy, R.D., Sun, Z.J., Ethier, G.J., The effects of nitrogen stress on the stable carbon isotope composition, productivity and water use efficiency of white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) seedlings (1999) Plant Cell Environ., 22, pp. 281-289; Lu, Y.X., Li, C.J., Zhang, F.S., Transpiration, potassium uptake and flow in tobacco as affected by nitrogen forms and nutrient levels (2005) Ann. Bot., 95, pp. 991-998; ; Miller, H.G., Forest fertilization: some guiding concepts (1981) Forestry, 54, pp. 157-167; Miller, A.J., Cramer, M.D., Root nitrogen acquisition and assimilation (2004) Plant Soil, 274, pp. 1-36; Min, X., Siddiqi, M.Y., Guy, R.D., Glass, A.D.M., Kronzucker, H.J., A comparative kinetic analysis of nitrate and ammonium influx in two early-successional tree species of temperate and boreal forest ecosystems (2000) Plant Cell Environ., 23, pp. 321-328; Otieno, D.O., Schmidt, M.W.T., Adiku, S., Tenhunen, J., Physiological and morphological responses to water stress in two Acacia species from contrasting habitats (2005) Tree Physiol., 25, pp. 361-371; Powers, R.F., Reynolds, P.E., Ten-year responses of ponderosa pine plantations to repeated vegetation and nutrient control along an environmental gradient (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 1027-1038; Ripullone, F., Lauteri, M., Grassi, G., Amato, M., Borghetti, M., Variation in nitrogen supply changes water-use efficiency of Pseudotsuga menziesii and Populus × euroamerican; a comparison of three approaches to determine water-use efficiency (2004) Tree Physiol., 24, pp. 671-679; Rose, R., Ketchum, J.S., Interaction of vegetation control and fertilization on conifer species across the Pacific Northwest (2002) Can. J. For. Res., 32, pp. 136-152; Siegwolf, R.T.W., Matyssek, R., Saurer, M., Maurer, S., Gunthardt-Goerg, M.S., Schmutz, P., Bucher, J.B., Stable isotope analysis reveals differential effects of soil nitrogen and nitrogen dioxide on the water use efficiency in hybrid poplar leaves (2001) New Phytol., 149, pp. 233-246; ; Tisdale, S.L., Nelson, W.L., Beaton, J.D., (1999) Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 6th ed., , Macmillan Publishing Company, New York 499 pp; van Cleve, K., Short-term growth response to fertilization in young quaking aspen (1973) J. For., 71, pp. 758-759; van den Driessche, R., First-year growth response of four Populus trichocarpa × Populus deltoides clones to fertilizer placement and level (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 554-562; van den Driessche, R., Rude, W., Martens, L., Effect of fertilization and irrigation on growth of aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) seedlings over three growing seasons (2003) For. Ecol. Manage., 186, pp. 381-389; van den Driessche, R., Niemi, F., Charleson, L., Fourth year response of aspen seedlings to lime, nitrogen and phosphorus applied at planting and one year after planting (2005) For. Ecol. Manage., 219, pp. 216-228; Yang, R.C., (1991) Fertilization: A Tool for Managing Aspen in Western Canada, For. Manage. Note No. 54, , Forestry Canada, Northwest Region 5 pp; Yin, Z.-H., Raven, J.A., Influences of different nitrogen sources on nitrogen- and water-use efficiency, and carbon isotope discrimination, in C3 Triticum aestivum L. and C4 Zea mays L. plants (1998) Planta, 205, pp. 574-580. },
    ABSTRACT = { Trees from three hybrid poplar clones (one Populus balsamifera × P. simonii clone and two P. deltoides × P. × petrowskyana clones), were grown for 3 years in an agricultural field and fertilized at planting with 27 combinations of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertilizers. Fertilizers used were granular ammonium nitrate (34.5-0-0) at three levels (0, 8 and 16 g/tree), triple-super-phosphate (0-45-0) at three levels (0, 12.5 and 25 g/tree), and potassium sulfate (0-0-50) at three levels (0, 8 and 16 g /tree). Growth responses to N fertilization were negative during the first growing season: N fertilization reduced growth, net assimilation rate (A), stomatal conductance (Gs), and increased the abundance of 13C in the leaves. These results might be related to the soil pH at the site which ranged from 7.7 to 8.1, and to the dry conditions that prevailed during the first growing season. Leaf N concentrations were unaffected by the fertilization level. Conversely, N fertilization decreased leaf P concentrations, which were in turn positively correlated with growth and negatively correlated with carbon isotopic composition (?13C). There were clonal differences in ?13C that varied between the first and second growing seasons in relation to the relative growth rates of the clones. Growth responses to fertilization at planting were nil or slightly positive during the second and third growing seasons. These results indicated that ammonium nitrate was unsuitable for fertilizing these hybrid poplar clones at planting, and that further study is required to test fertilization at planting with nitrate-N versus ammonium-N sources under these field conditions. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Ammonium nitrate Fertilization Hybrid poplar Mineral nutrition Stable isotope Water-use efficiency },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...