DupuchBertoloMagnanEtAl2014

Référence

Dupuch, A., Bertolo, A., Magnan, P., Dill, L.M. (2014) Indirect effects of asymmetrical competition among top predators determine spatial patterns of predation risk for prey. Aquatic Sciences, 76:543-552. (Scopus )

Résumé

Asymmetrical interspecific competition among top predators can indirectly affect the predation risk for their prey by altering the abundance, diet, and habitat use of inferior competitors. However, the indirect effects of such biological interactions are poorly known because of the difficulties in measuring predation risk in nature. We addressed this issue by assessing the effect of asymmetrical competition among brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and two superior non-piscivorous competitors, creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) and white sucker (Catostomus commersonii), on the predation risk of a brook trout prey, northern redbelly dace (Chrosomus eos). We determined the spatio-temporal patterns of relative predation risk of dace with tethering experiments in 11 lakes containing either only brook trout and dace (n = 5), or brook trout, dace, chub, and sucker (n = 6). The diel pattern of the relative predation risk and the overall relative predation risk of dace were not significantly different in lakes with or without brook trout competitors. However, we observed a significant shift in the relative predation risk from the lower pelagic to the upper pelagic and littoral zones in the presence of brook trout competitors. This study highlights the fact that the outcome of interactions can vary in space and that care should be used when extrapolating the results of small-scale experiments or coarse-scale estimates to the whole ecosystem. © 2014 Springer Basel.

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@ARTICLE { DupuchBertoloMagnanEtAl2014,
    AUTHOR = { Dupuch, A. and Bertolo, A. and Magnan, P. and Dill, L.M. },
    TITLE = { Indirect effects of asymmetrical competition among top predators determine spatial patterns of predation risk for prey },
    JOURNAL = { Aquatic Sciences },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 76 },
    PAGES = { 543-552 },
    NOTE = { cited By (since 1996)0; Article in Press },
    ABSTRACT = { Asymmetrical interspecific competition among top predators can indirectly affect the predation risk for their prey by altering the abundance, diet, and habitat use of inferior competitors. However, the indirect effects of such biological interactions are poorly known because of the difficulties in measuring predation risk in nature. We addressed this issue by assessing the effect of asymmetrical competition among brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) and two superior non-piscivorous competitors, creek chub (Semotilus atromaculatus) and white sucker (Catostomus commersonii), on the predation risk of a brook trout prey, northern redbelly dace (Chrosomus eos). We determined the spatio-temporal patterns of relative predation risk of dace with tethering experiments in 11 lakes containing either only brook trout and dace (n = 5), or brook trout, dace, chub, and sucker (n = 6). The diel pattern of the relative predation risk and the overall relative predation risk of dace were not significantly different in lakes with or without brook trout competitors. However, we observed a significant shift in the relative predation risk from the lower pelagic to the upper pelagic and littoral zones in the presence of brook trout competitors. This study highlights the fact that the outcome of interactions can vary in space and that care should be used when extrapolating the results of small-scale experiments or coarse-scale estimates to the whole ecosystem. © 2014 Springer Basel. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Brook trout; Competition; Spatial scale; Tethering experiment; Trophic interactions },
    CODEN = { AQSCE },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article in Press },
    DOI = { 10.1007/s00027-014-0352-9 },
    ISSN = { 10151621 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84901738569&partnerID=40&md5=11f8e3cd9dfb4382b4cba932adc79cc0 },
}

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