RobergePlamondon1988

Référence

Roberge, J., Stein, J. and Plamondon, A.P. (1988) Évaluation d'un modèle de fonte nivale en forêt boréale. Journal of Hydrology, 97(1-2):161-179.

Résumé

SNOW-17, a temperature-index snowmelt model developed by Anderson (1973) was tested on an experimental plot in a boreal fir forest, 80 km north of Québec city. Simulations were produced with a one hour time step for the melt seasons of 1981 to 1985. The calibration was done with 1982 and 1984 data. The outputs considered were: snowpack water equivalent, cumulated outflow, daily outflow, hourly outflow and some characteristics of daily hydrographs. The results are verified with field data and compared with those of a degree-day model previously calibrated on the same site.The calibration modified very little the a-priori attributed values of the model parameters. Some parameters appeared to be sensitive to alteration of the forest cover which occurred during the test period. In general SNOW-17 gave an accurate and precise estimation of the considered variables. Some weak points are identified. The results from SNOW-17 stayed consistently better than those provided by the degree-day model. SNOW-17 seems to be an efficient snowmelt model especially adequate for the boreal forest environment of eastern Canada.

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@ARTICLE { RobergePlamondon1988,
    AUTHOR = { Roberge, J., Stein, J. and Plamondon, A.P. },
    TITLE = { Évaluation d'un modèle de fonte nivale en forêt boréale. },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Hydrology },
    YEAR = { 1988 },
    VOLUME = { 97 },
    NUMBER = { 1-2 },
    PAGES = { 161-179 },
    ABSTRACT = { SNOW-17, a temperature-index snowmelt model developed by Anderson (1973) was tested on an experimental plot in a boreal fir forest, 80 km north of Québec city. Simulations were produced with a one hour time step for the melt seasons of 1981 to 1985. The calibration was done with 1982 and 1984 data. The outputs considered were: snowpack water equivalent, cumulated outflow, daily outflow, hourly outflow and some characteristics of daily hydrographs. The results are verified with field data and compared with those of a degree-day model previously calibrated on the same site.The calibration modified very little the a-priori attributed values of the model parameters. Some parameters appeared to be sensitive to alteration of the forest cover which occurred during the test period. In general SNOW-17 gave an accurate and precise estimation of the considered variables. Some weak points are identified. The results from SNOW-17 stayed consistently better than those provided by the degree-day model. SNOW-17 seems to be an efficient snowmelt model especially adequate for the boreal forest environment of eastern Canada. },
}

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