ElabidineBernierStewartEtAl1994

Référence

Elabidine, A.Z., Bernier, P.Y., Stewart, J.D. and Plamondon, A.P. (1994) Water-stress preconditioning of black spruce seedlings from lowland and upland sites. Canadian Journal of Botany, 72(10):1511-1518.

Résumé

One-year-old seedlings from two pairs of upland -lowland populations were subjected to three cycles of drought preconditioning. During a subsequent fourth cycle, preconditioned seedlings and seedlings that had been maintained under well-watered conditions were subjected to a final soil drought. During the drought periods, small but significant differences in gas exchanges and water relations were observed between upland and lowland seedlings but the differences were not consistent either within each lowland -upland pair or over the four cycles. During the final drought period, preconditioned seedlings maintained significantly higher net photosynthesis rate, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate than unconditioned seedlings. In contrast, no significant differences were found in midday water potential, total sugar content, or water relations parameters between preconditioned and unconditioned seedlings. The results suggest an absence of ecotypic variation with respect to drought tolerance in black spruce. They also suggest that preconditioning in black spruce seedlings occurs mostly through the acclimation of stomatal and photosynthetic mechanisms to drought, without active osmotic adjustment.

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@ARTICLE { ElabidineBernierStewartEtAl1994,
    AUTHOR = { Elabidine, A.Z. and Bernier, P.Y. and Stewart, J.D. and Plamondon, A.P. },
    TITLE = { Water-stress preconditioning of black spruce seedlings from lowland and upland sites },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Botany },
    YEAR = { 1994 },
    VOLUME = { 72 },
    PAGES = { 1511-1518 },
    NUMBER = { 10 },
    ABSTRACT = { One-year-old seedlings from two pairs of upland -lowland populations were subjected to three cycles of drought preconditioning. During a subsequent fourth cycle, preconditioned seedlings and seedlings that had been maintained under well-watered conditions were subjected to a final soil drought. During the drought periods, small but significant differences in gas exchanges and water relations were observed between upland and lowland seedlings but the differences were not consistent either within each lowland -upland pair or over the four cycles. During the final drought period, preconditioned seedlings maintained significantly higher net photosynthesis rate, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate than unconditioned seedlings. In contrast, no significant differences were found in midday water potential, total sugar content, or water relations parameters between preconditioned and unconditioned seedlings. The results suggest an absence of ecotypic variation with respect to drought tolerance in black spruce. They also suggest that preconditioning in black spruce seedlings occurs mostly through the acclimation of stomatal and photosynthetic mechanisms to drought, without active osmotic adjustment. },
    KEYWORDS = { PICEA MARIANA; ECOTYPE; GAS EXCHANGES; WATER RELATIONS; OSMOREGULATION; PRECONDITIONING PICEA-MARIANA PROGENIES; NEEDLE CONDUCTANCE; DROUGHT TOLERANCE; GENETIC-STRUCTURE; MOISTURE-STRESS; PINE-SEEDLINGS; OSMOTIC-STRESS; GAS-EXCHANGE; PHOTOSYNTHESIS; POPULATIONS },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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