PanDomonMarceauEtAl2001

Référence

Pan, D., Domon, G., Marceau, D., Bouchard, A. (2001) Spatial pattern of coniferous and deciduous forest patches in an Eastern North America agricultural landscape: The influence of land use and physical attributes. Landscape Ecology, 16(2):99-110.

Résumé

In agricultural landscapes, most studies have investigated the influence of the spatial pattern of forest patches on other ecological phenomena and processes, such as animal movement and biodiversity. However, few have focused on explaining the spatial pattern of the forest patches themselves. Understanding how these patterns relate to the processes that generate them is fundamental in developing a sound theory of landscape ecology, and in devising rational management strategies. In this paper, the pattern of the overall forest patches, as well as the pattern of deciduous and coniferous patches in an agricultural landscape of Southern Quebec, Canada, were analyzed and related to landscape physical attributes and land use, using remote sensing, geographic information systems and statistical methods. Results show that the role of landscape physical attributes on forest patch pattern has been modified by land use. In the study area, coniferous or deciduous patches are not associated with a specific surface deposit. In addition, physical attributes explain only a small proportion of the abundance of conifers on past abandoned land compared with land-use factors. Physical attributes only indirectly influence the forest pattern because they strongly influence the land-use practices. Our results reveal a conifer recovery process with the abandonment of agricultural land. On past abandoned land, conifers expand with increasing stand age, mostly by invasion from neighboring coniferous patches. Spatially, coniferous patches are usually located on the margins of the overall forest patches, and they are connected to non-forest land-use types such as crop and pasture, the latter being the most important. By showing the importance of some coniferous forest types that did not exist in the precolonial forest, a new perspective emerges when landscape, especially, land-use dynamics are taken into account.

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@ARTICLE { PanDomonMarceauEtAl2001,
    AUTHOR = { Pan, D. and Domon, G. and Marceau, D. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Spatial pattern of coniferous and deciduous forest patches in an Eastern North America agricultural landscape: The influence of land use and physical attributes },
    JOURNAL = { Landscape Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 16 },
    PAGES = { 99-110 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 09212973 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 15 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: LAECE doi: 10.1023/A:1011167905097 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Pan, D.; Inst. de recherche biologie vegetale; Universite? de Montre?al; 4101 Est, rue Sherbrooke Montre?al, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada References: (1982) Normales climatiques du Canada 1951 - 1980. Tempe?ratures et pre?cipitations-Que?bec. Service de l'environnement atmosphe?rique, , Environnment Canada: Ottawa Ont., Canada. 216 pp; Bariteau, L., (1988) La cartographie ge?omorphologique au 1:20 000 de modele?s polyge?niques: un exemple des Basses-Terres du Saint-Laurent, , M.Sc. Thesis, Universite? de Montre?al: Montre?al, Canada. 185 pp. \& appendices; Blanchet, B., (1982) Les ce?drie?res du Que?bec. Etudes e?cologiques, , Universite? 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    ABSTRACT = { In agricultural landscapes, most studies have investigated the influence of the spatial pattern of forest patches on other ecological phenomena and processes, such as animal movement and biodiversity. However, few have focused on explaining the spatial pattern of the forest patches themselves. Understanding how these patterns relate to the processes that generate them is fundamental in developing a sound theory of landscape ecology, and in devising rational management strategies. In this paper, the pattern of the overall forest patches, as well as the pattern of deciduous and coniferous patches in an agricultural landscape of Southern Quebec, Canada, were analyzed and related to landscape physical attributes and land use, using remote sensing, geographic information systems and statistical methods. Results show that the role of landscape physical attributes on forest patch pattern has been modified by land use. In the study area, coniferous or deciduous patches are not associated with a specific surface deposit. In addition, physical attributes explain only a small proportion of the abundance of conifers on past abandoned land compared with land-use factors. Physical attributes only indirectly influence the forest pattern because they strongly influence the land-use practices. Our results reveal a conifer recovery process with the abandonment of agricultural land. On past abandoned land, conifers expand with increasing stand age, mostly by invasion from neighboring coniferous patches. Spatially, coniferous patches are usually located on the margins of the overall forest patches, and they are connected to non-forest land-use types such as crop and pasture, the latter being the most important. By showing the importance of some coniferous forest types that did not exist in the precolonial forest, a new perspective emerges when landscape, especially, land-use dynamics are taken into account. },
    KEYWORDS = { Agricultural landscape Canada Forest patch Geographical information system Land use Physical attributes Quebec Remote sensing Spatial pattern forest land use landscape ecology patch dynamics spatial analysis Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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