PanDomonDeEtAl1999

Référence

Pan, D., Domon, G., De Blois, S., Bouchard, A. (1999) Temporal (1958-1993) and spatial patterns of land use changes in Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec, Canada) and their relation to landscape physical attributes. Landscape Ecology, 14(1):35-52.

Résumé

In the last few years, landscape researchers have sought to understand temporal and spatial patterns of landscape changes in order to develop comprehensive models of land cover dynamics. To do so, most studies have used similar methods to quantify structural patterns, usually by comparing various landscape structural indices through time. Whereas the necessity for complementary approaches which might provide insights into landscape dynamics at some finer scale relevant to local managers has been expressed, few studies have proposed alternative methodologies. Moreover, the important relationship between the physical constraints of the landscape and land use dynamics has been seldom emphasized. Here we propose a methodological outline which was applied to the study of a rural landscape of Southern Quebec, Canada, to detect spatial and temporal (1958 to 1993) patterns of land cover changes at field, patch and landscape level. We then relate these patterns to the underlying physical structure of landscape elements using GIS and canonical correspondence analyses. We use the different geomorphological deposit types as stable discriminant factors which may constrain land use. Canonical correspondence analyses showed relations of land use and land use changes to the physical attributes of the landscape elements, whereas spatial analyses revealed very dynamic patterns at finer spatial and temporal scales. They highlighted the fact that not only the physical attributes of the landscape elements but also their spatial configuration were important determinants of land use dynamics in this area. Thus more land use changes occurred at the boundary between geomorphological deposit types than in any other locations. This trend is apparent for specific small-size changes (e.g. forest to crop), but not for the large-size ones (e.g. abandoned land to forest). Although land use changes are triggered by socioeconomic forces in this area, these changes are nevertheless constrained by the underlying physical landscape structure. A thorough comprehension of historical changes will enhance our capability to predict future landscape dynamics and devise more effective landscape management strategies.

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@ARTICLE { PanDomonDeEtAl1999,
    AUTHOR = { Pan, D. and Domon, G. and De Blois, S. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Temporal (1958-1993) and spatial patterns of land use changes in Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec, Canada) and their relation to landscape physical attributes },
    JOURNAL = { Landscape Ecology },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 14 },
    PAGES = { 35-52 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 09212973 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 57 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: LAECE doi: 10.1023/A:1008022028804 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Domon, G.; Faculte d'Amenagement; Universite de Montreal; C.P. 6128, Succursale Centreville Montreal, Que. H3C 3J7, Canada References: Bariteau, L., (1987) Carte Ge?omorphologique, Feuillet 1: Huntingdon 1:20000, , Haut-Saint-Laurent: E?cologie et Ame?nagement. Centre de recherches e?cologiques de Montre?al, Universite? de Montre?al. Published; Bariteau, L., (1988) La Cartographie Ge?omorphologique au 1:20 000 de Modele?s Polyge?niques: Un Exemple des Basses-Terres du Saint-Laurent, , M.Sc. Thesis, Universite? de Montre?al, 185 p. and appendices; Baudry, J., Landscape dynamics and farming systems: Problems of relating patterns and predicting ecological changes (1993) Landscape Ecology and Agroecosystems, pp. 21-40. , Edited by Bunce, R.G.H., Ryszkowski, L. \& Paoletti, M.G. 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    ABSTRACT = { In the last few years, landscape researchers have sought to understand temporal and spatial patterns of landscape changes in order to develop comprehensive models of land cover dynamics. To do so, most studies have used similar methods to quantify structural patterns, usually by comparing various landscape structural indices through time. Whereas the necessity for complementary approaches which might provide insights into landscape dynamics at some finer scale relevant to local managers has been expressed, few studies have proposed alternative methodologies. Moreover, the important relationship between the physical constraints of the landscape and land use dynamics has been seldom emphasized. Here we propose a methodological outline which was applied to the study of a rural landscape of Southern Quebec, Canada, to detect spatial and temporal (1958 to 1993) patterns of land cover changes at field, patch and landscape level. We then relate these patterns to the underlying physical structure of landscape elements using GIS and canonical correspondence analyses. We use the different geomorphological deposit types as stable discriminant factors which may constrain land use. Canonical correspondence analyses showed relations of land use and land use changes to the physical attributes of the landscape elements, whereas spatial analyses revealed very dynamic patterns at finer spatial and temporal scales. They highlighted the fact that not only the physical attributes of the landscape elements but also their spatial configuration were important determinants of land use dynamics in this area. Thus more land use changes occurred at the boundary between geomorphological deposit types than in any other locations. This trend is apparent for specific small-size changes (e.g. forest to crop), but not for the large-size ones (e.g. abandoned land to forest). Although land use changes are triggered by socioeconomic forces in this area, these changes are nevertheless constrained by the underlying physical landscape structure. A thorough comprehension of historical changes will enhance our capability to predict future landscape dynamics and devise more effective landscape management strategies. },
    KEYWORDS = { Canonical correspondence analysis Geographical information system Geomorphological deposit Land use change Landscape index Patch and field scale Physical attribute Quebec land use landscape change methodology rural landscape Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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