MilletBouchardEdelin1998a

Référence

Millet, J., Bouchard, A., Edelin, C. (1998) Plagiotropic architectural development of four tree species of the temperate forest. Canadian Journal of Botany, 76(12):2100-2118.

Résumé

Four tree species of the temperate deciduous forests of south-western Quebec have an architectural development that corresponds to Troll's model. Two of these species, American elm (Ulmus americana L.) and American basswood (Tilia americana L.), are mid-successional and the two others, American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) and Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.), are late successional. In the four species, the main stem is the result of the stacking of modules with plagiotropic development and secondary straightening. Nevertheless, the architectural analysis of these four species reveals that two growth patterns are present. In elm and basswood, the modules are differentiated from one another and are integrated into the hierarchical structure of the tree. In beech and hemlock, the modules are mixed and their apical meristems possess an autodifferentiation potential, which provides for a greater individuality within the tree structure. In spite of belonging to the same architectural model, differences in the development pattern favour a greater efficiency in stem growth for elm and basswood versus a greater shape plasticity, including a greater lateral branch development if required, in beech and hemlock.

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@ARTICLE { MilletBouchardEdelin1998a,
    AUTHOR = { Millet, J. and Bouchard, A. and Edelin, C. },
    TITLE = { Plagiotropic architectural development of four tree species of the temperate forest },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Botany },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 76 },
    PAGES = { 2100-2118 },
    NUMBER = { 12 },
    NOTE = { 00084026 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 13 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJBOA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Millet, J.; Laboratoire d'Ecologie Vegetale; Inst. Recherche Biologie Vegetale; Universite de Montreal; 4101 est rue Sherbrooke Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: milletj@magellan.umontreal.ca References: Barthe?le?my, D., (1988) Architecture et Sexualite? Chez Quelques Plantes Tropicales : Le Concept de Floraison Automatique, 262p. , Doctoral thesis, Universite? des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France; Barthe?le?my, D., Levels of organization and repetition phenomena in seed plants (1990) Acta Biotheor., 39, pp. 309-323; Barthe?le?my, D., Caraglio, Y., Costes, E., Architecture, gradients morphoge?ne?tiques et a?ge physiologique des ve?ge?taux (1997) Mode?lisation et Simulation de l'Architecture des Ve?ge?taux, pp. 89-136. , Edited by J. Bouchon, Ph. de Reffye, and D. Barthe?le?my. Science Update, INRA, Versailles, France; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Leduc, A., Les successions secondaires dans les fore?ts du Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1988) Nat. Can. Que., 115, pp. 19-38; Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., Camire?, C., Gangloff, P., Garie?py, M., Proposition d'une me?thodologie d'inventaire et de cartographie e?cologique : La cas de la M.R.C. du Haut-Saint-Laurent (1985) Cah. Ge?ogr. Que?., 29 (76), pp. 79-95; Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Les successions secondaires sur sites me?siques dans le Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec, Canada (1988) Can. J. Bot., 66, pp. 1192-1203; Caraglio, Y., E?delin, C., Architecture et dynamique de croissance du platane, Platanus hybrida Brot. (Platanaceae) (1990) Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. Lett. Bot., 137 (4-5), pp. 279-291; De Reffye, Ph., Dinouard, P., Barthe?le?my, D., Mode?lisation et simulation de l'architecture de l'orme du Japon Zelkova serrata (Thunb.) Makino (Ulmaceae) : La notion d'axe de re?fe?rence (1991) 2nd International Tree Conference, pp. 251-266. , L'arbre : biologie et de?veloppement. Edited by C. E?delin. Montpellier, 10-15 September 1990, Naturalia Monspeliensia, Montpellier, France; Doyon, F., Bouchard, A., Gagnon, D., Tree productivity and successional status in Que?bec Northern Hardwoods (1998) E?coscience, 5, pp. 222-231; Durand, M., (1993) Ramification d'Une Plante Sympodiale : L'Orme (Ulmus Campestris L.), 33p. , Masters thesis, Universite? de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France annexes; E?delin, C., Quelques aspects de l'architecture ve?ge?tative des conife?res (1981) Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. 128 Lett. Bot., 1981 (3), pp. 177-188; E?delin, C., (1984) L'Architecture Monopodiale. L'Exemple de Quelques Arbres d'Asie Tropicale, 258p. , Doctoral thesis, Universite? des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France; E?delin, C., Nouvelles donne?es sur l'architecture des arbres sympodiaux : Le concept de plan d'organisation (1991) 2nd International Tree Conference, pp. 127-154. , L'arbre : biologie et de?veloppement. Edited by C. E?delin. Montpellier, 10-15 September 1990, Naturalia Monspeliensia, Montpellier, France; Grandtner, M.M., (1966) La Ve?ge?tation Forestie?re du Que?bec Me?ridional, 216p. , Les Presses de l'Universite? Laval, Laval, Que; Halle?, F., E?delin, C., L'analyse architecturale des arbres (1987) 6th Conference on Fruit Tree Research, pp. 5-19. , Bordeaux, France, 10-11 December 1986. CTIFL/INRA, Pont de la Maye, France; Halle?, F., Oldeman, R.A.A., (1970) Essai sur l'Architecture et la Dynamique de Croissance des Arbres Tropicaux, 178p. , Masson et Cie, Paris, France; Halle?, F., Oldeman, R.A.A., Tomlinson, P.B., (1978) Tropical Trees and Forests: An Architectural Analysis, 441p. , Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany; Hibbs, D.E., Leader growth and the architecture of three North American hemlocks (1981) Can. J. Bot., 59, pp. 476-480; Marie-Victorin, Fr., (1995) Flore Laurentienne. 3th Ed., 1083p. , (rev. by L. Brouillet and I. Goulet). Les Presses de l'Universite? de Montre?al, Montre?al, Que; Millet, J., Bouchard, A., E?delin, C., Plant succession and tree architecture: An attempt at reconciling two scales of analysis of vegetation dynamics (1998) Acta Biotheor., 46, pp. 1-22; Millet, J., Bouchard, A., E?delin, C., Relationship between architecture and successional status of trees in the temperate deciduous forest (1999) E?coscience, , In press; Millington, W.F., Shoot tip abortion in Ulmus americana (1963) Am. J. Bot., 50, pp. 371-378; Nicolini, E., Le he?tre Fagus sylvatica L. : Quelques aspects de son architecture (1991) Architecture, Structure, Me?canique de l'Arbre. Troisie?me Se?minaire Interne, pp. 38-63. , Montpellier, France, fe?vrier 1991. Laboratoire de me?canique et de ge?nie civil. Universite? de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France; Ramaroson-Ramparany, L., (1978) Contribution a? l'E?tude Architecturale de Quelques Espe?ces Ligneuses des Re?gions Tempe?re?es, 115p. , Doctoral thesis, Universite? des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France; Rowe, J.S., (1972) Les Re?gions Forestie?res du Canada, 172p. , Service canadien des fore?ts. Publ. no 1300F, Canada; Thie?baut, B., Observations sur le de?veloppement de plantules de He?tre (Fagus sylvatica) cultive?es en pe?pinie?re, orthotropie et plagiotropie (1982) Can. J. Bot., 60, pp. 1292-1303; Thie?baut, B., Puech, S., De?veloppement du he?tre commun : Morphologie et architecture de l'arbre. 2ie?me partie : le de?veloppement des arbres (1984) Rev. For. Fr., 36, pp. 45-58. , Nancy. },
    ABSTRACT = { Four tree species of the temperate deciduous forests of south-western Quebec have an architectural development that corresponds to Troll's model. Two of these species, American elm (Ulmus americana L.) and American basswood (Tilia americana L.), are mid-successional and the two others, American beech (Fagus grandifolia Ehrh.) and Eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carr.), are late successional. In the four species, the main stem is the result of the stacking of modules with plagiotropic development and secondary straightening. Nevertheless, the architectural analysis of these four species reveals that two growth patterns are present. In elm and basswood, the modules are differentiated from one another and are integrated into the hierarchical structure of the tree. In beech and hemlock, the modules are mixed and their apical meristems possess an autodifferentiation potential, which provides for a greater individuality within the tree structure. In spite of belonging to the same architectural model, differences in the development pattern favour a greater efficiency in stem growth for elm and basswood versus a greater shape plasticity, including a greater lateral branch development if required, in beech and hemlock. },
    KEYWORDS = { Morphological differentiation of axes Organization plan Plagiotropy Tree architecture Troll's model forest plant development canopy architecture deciduous forest Canada Fagus grandifolia Tilia americana Tsuga canadensis Ulmus americana },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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