MilletBouchard2003

Référence

Millet, J., Bouchard, A. (2003) Architecture of silver maple and its response to pruning near the power distribution network. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(4):726-739.

Résumé

The architectural analysis of silver maple (Acer saccharinum L.) in natural environments has revealed the sympodial nature of its growth, the three levels of organization that govern the development of its stems through an alternation of organization plans (hierarchic and polyarchic), as well as the characteristic traits of the three architectural units involved and of the four categories of differentiated axes. The growth responses of silver maple alongside streets were analyzed in four pruning contexts associated with tree position relative to the wires of the power distribution network. Data reveal that with increasing pruning pressure, the percentage of the crown composed of suckers becomes higher, as does their growth rate, indicating a greater disorganization of the structure of the crown. Silver maple is naturally capable of developing a low fork with limbs that have hierarchic development. However, the pruning has promoted the reverse, which is the appearance of a high fork and, after repeated prunings, a more polyarchic development of the crown, increasing the threat that trees represent for wires.

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@ARTICLE { MilletBouchard2003,
    AUTHOR = { Millet, J. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Architecture of silver maple and its response to pruning near the power distribution network },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 33 },
    PAGES = { 726-739 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/x02-206 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Millet, J.; Inst. de Rech. en Biol. Ve?g.; Universite? de Montre?al; 4101, rue Sherbrooke Est Montre?al, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: milletj@magellan.umontreal.ca References: Barthe?le?my, D., Levels of organization and repetition phenomena in seeds plants (1991) Acta Biotheor., 39, pp. 309-323; Barthe?le?my, D., E?delin, C., Halle?, F., Architectural concepts for tropical trees (1989) Tropical Forests. Botanical Dynamics, Speciation and Diversity, pp. 89-100. , Edited by L.B. Holm-Nielsen, I.C. Nielsen, and H. Balslev. Academic Press, London; Bouchard, A., La ve?ge?tation forestie?re du cap Saint-Jacques, i?le de Montre?al, Que?bec (1979) Can. J. Bot., 57, pp. 1191-1202; Caraglio, Y., E?delin, C., Architecture et dynamique de croissance du platane. Platanus hybrida Brot. (Platanaceae) (1990) Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr. (Lett. Bot. 415), 137, pp. 279-291; Domon, G., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., Gauvin, C., La re?partition et la dynamique des principales espe?ces arborescentes du Bois-de-Saraguay, Montre?al (Que?bec) (1986) Can. J. Bot., 64, pp. 1027-1038; Dre?nou, C., Les fourches: Un proble?me de taille (1996) For. Entre., 108, pp. 43-47; Dre?nou, C., (1999) La Taille des Arbres d'Ornement: Du Pourquoi au Comment, , Institut pour le de?veloppement forestier, Paris; E?delin, C., (1977) Images de l'Architecture des Conife?res, , Doctorate thesis in Biological Sciences, Universite? des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France; E?delin, C., (1984) L'architecture Monopodiale. L'exemple de Quelques Arbres d'Asie Tropicale, , Thesis, Universite? des Sciences et Techniques du Languedoc, Montpellier, France; E?delin, C., Nouvelles donne?es sur l'architecture des arbres sympodiaux: Le concept de plan d'organisation (1991) L'arbre: Biologie et De?veloppement, pp. 127-154. , Edited by C. E?delin. Naturalia Monspeliensia, Actes du 2e Colloque international sur l'arbre. Universite? de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France; Genoyer, P., (1994) Contribution a? l'E?tude de la Re?ge?ne?ration d'Arbres Traumatise?s, , Doctorate thesis, Universite? de Montpellier II, Montpellier, France; Halle?, F., Modular growth in seed plants (1986) Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci., 313, pp. 77-87; Halle?, F., E?delin, C., L'analyse architecturale des arbres (1987) 6e Colloque sur les Recherches Fruitie?res, , Bordeaux, France, 10-11 Dec. 1986. CTIFL/INRA, Pont de la Maye, France; Halle?, F., Ng, F.S.P., Crown construction in mature dipterocarp trees (1981) Malays. For., 44, pp. 222-233; Halle?, F., Oldeman, R.A.A., (1970) Essai sur l'Architecture et la Dynamique de Croissance des Arbres Tropicaux, , Masson et Cie, Paris; Halle?, F., Oldeman, R.A.A., Tomlinson, P.B., (1978) Tropical Trees and Forests: An Architectural Analysis, , Springer-Verlag, Berlin; Millet, J., Bouchard, A., (1998) Structuration de la Forme des Arbres en Fonction des Besoins des Utilite?s Publiques et des Attentes des Citoyens, , Study report prepared for Hydro-Que?bec and the City of Montre?al, March 1998. Institut de recherche en biologie ve?ge?tale, Montre?al, Que; Millet, J., Bouchard, B., E?delin, C., Plant succession and tree architecture: An attempt at reconciling two scales of analysis of vegetation dynamics (1998) Acta Biotheor., 46, pp. 1-22; Millet, J., Bouchard, B., E?delin, C., Plagiotropic architectural development of four tree species of the temperate forest (1998) Can. J. Bot., 76, pp. 2100-2118; Millet, J., Bouchard, B., E?delin, C., Relationship between architecture and successional status of trees in the temperate deciduous forest (1999) E?coscience, 6, pp. 187-203; Millet, J., Bouchard, B., E?delin, C., Lien fonctionnel entre la dynamique de de?veloppement de l'arbre et la dynamique successionelle de la fore?t (2001) L'arbre/The Tree. Actes du 4e Colloque International sur l'Arbre, pp. 27-33. , Institut de recherche en biologie ve?ge?tale et Jardin botanique de Montre?al, 20-26 Aug. 2000. Edited by M. Labrecque. Collection Collectif. I. Quentin Eds., Montre?al, Que; Oldeman, R.A.A., (1974) Architecture de la Fore?t Guyanaise, , Me?m 73. L'Office de la Recherche Scientifique et Technique Outre-Mer, Paris; Oldeman, R.A.A., (1990) Forests: Elements of Sylvology, , Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York. },
    ABSTRACT = { The architectural analysis of silver maple (Acer saccharinum L.) in natural environments has revealed the sympodial nature of its growth, the three levels of organization that govern the development of its stems through an alternation of organization plans (hierarchic and polyarchic), as well as the characteristic traits of the three architectural units involved and of the four categories of differentiated axes. The growth responses of silver maple alongside streets were analyzed in four pruning contexts associated with tree position relative to the wires of the power distribution network. Data reveal that with increasing pruning pressure, the percentage of the crown composed of suckers becomes higher, as does their growth rate, indicating a greater disorganization of the structure of the crown. Silver maple is naturally capable of developing a low fork with limbs that have hierarchic development. However, the pruning has promoted the reverse, which is the appearance of a high fork and, after repeated prunings, a more polyarchic development of the crown, increasing the threat that trees represent for wires. },
    KEYWORDS = { Data reduction Forestry Polyarchic development Plants (botany) forest management plant architecture power line pruning Acer saccharum },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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