BouchardDomon1997

Référence

Bouchard, A., Domon, G. (1997) The transformations of the natural landscapes of the Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec) and their implications on future resource management. Landscape and Urban Planning, 37(1-2):99-107.

Résumé

Owing to its late colonization, (circa 1800), the region of the Haut-Saint Laurent of Quebec is of high interest for the study of the transformations of the natural landscapes of North-Eastern America. Fourteen years of work by a multidisciplinary team and the utilization of some little-used data sources (notary deeds, nominative censuses), make the considerable scope of these changes evident. First, wetlands have been altered by human activities to the point that alder scrub is invading the marshes and black spruce has been eradicated from the bogs. Secondly, after a rapid expansion during the 19th century, agricultural use is now in steady decline on areas covered by morainic deposits. Thirdly, forest exploitation has changed precolonial vegetation to the point that what was once perceived as a climatic climax (sugar maple-hickory) is now understood to be an anthropic climax. Overall, the various studies discussed in this paper lead to the conclusion that today's Haut-Saint-Laurent landscapes are in need of reconstruction. This reconstruction must take into account the new rural context, where agriculture is no longer the dominant activity, and must utilize the theories and methods of landscape ecology.

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@ARTICLE { BouchardDomon1997,
    AUTHOR = { Bouchard, A. and Domon, G. },
    TITLE = { The transformations of the natural landscapes of the Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec) and their implications on future resource management },
    JOURNAL = { Landscape and Urban Planning },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 37 },
    PAGES = { 99-107 },
    NUMBER = { 1-2 },
    NOTE = { 01692046 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 25 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: LUPLE doi: 10.1016/S0169-2046(96)00374-X Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Bouchard, A.; IRBV; Universite de Montreal; Jardin botanique de Montreal; 4101 Est. rue Sherbrooke Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada References: Bariteau, L., (1988) La Cartographie Ge?omorphologique Au 1:20 000 de Modele?s Polyge?niques: Un Exemple des Basses Terres du Saint-Laurent, , M.Sc. Thesis, Universite? de Montre?al, 185 pp. and appendices; Baudry, J., Bunce, R.G.H., Land Abandonment and its Role in Conservation (1991) Options Me?diterrane?ennes, 15. , 148 pp; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Leduc, A., Les successions secondaires dans les fore?ts du haut-saint-laurent, Que?bec (1988) Nat. Can., 115, pp. 19-38; Bouchard, A., Barabe?, D., Dumais, M., Hay, S., (1983) Les Plantes Vasculaires Rares du Que?bec. The Rare Vascular Plants of Quebec, 48. , Syllogeus Muse?e National des Sciences Naturelles, Muse?es Nationaux du Canada, 75 pp. and 79 pp; Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., Camire?, C., Gangloff, P., Garie?py, M., Proposition d'une me?thodologie d'inventaire et de cartographie e?cologique: Le cas de la mrc du haut-saint-laurent (1985) Cah. Ge?ogr. Que?bec, 29 (76), pp. 79-95; Bouchard, A., Dyrda, S., Bergeron, Y., Meilleur, A., The use of notary deeds to estimate the changes in the composition of 19th century forests, in Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1989) Can. J. For. Res., 19, pp. 1146-1150; Bourdo E.A., Jr., A review of the General Land Office Survey and its use in the study of former forests (1956) Ecology, 37, pp. 745-768; Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Les successions secondaires sur sites me?siques dans le Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec, Canada (1988) Can. J. Bot., 66, pp. 1192-1203; Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., The history and tree stratum of an old-growth forest of Haut-Saint-Laurent region, Que?bec (1992) Nat. Areas J., 12, pp. 3-9; Brisson, J., Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Leduc, A., Beech-maple dynamics in an old-growth forest of southern Que?bec, Canada (1994) Ecoscience, 1, pp. 40-46; Burel, F., Ecological patterns and processes in European Agricultural landscapes (1995) Landscape Urb. Plann., 31, pp. 1-412; Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Bouchard, A., Effet des sites et des traitements sylvicoles sur la croissance, l'allocation en biomasse et l'utilisation de l'azote de semis de quatre espe?ces feuillues en plantation dans le sud-ouest du Que?bec (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 199-209; Curtis, J.T., The modification of mid-latitude grasslands and forests by man (1956) Man's Role in Changing the Face of the Earth, pp. 721-736. , W.L. Thomas (Editor), University of Chicago Press, Chicago; De Blois, S.A., Bouchard, A., Dynamics of Thuja occidentalis L. In an agricultural landscape of southern Que?bec (1995) J. Veg. Sci., 6, pp. 531-542; Domon, G., La transformation du contexte d'exploitation et l'avenir des paysages agroforestiers du sud du Que?bec (1994) Trames, 9, pp. 13-19; Domon, G., Bouchard, A., Garie?py, M., The dynamics of the forest landscape of Haut-Saint-Laurent (Que?bec, Canada): Interactions between biophysical factors, perceptions and policy (1993) Landscape Urb. Plann., 25, pp. 53-74; Farina, A., Naveh, A., Landscape approach to regional planning: The future of the Mediterranean landscapes (1993) Landscape Urb. Plann., 24, pp. 1-295; Grandtner, M.M., (1966) La Ve?ge?tation Forestie?re du Que?bec Me?ridional, , Les Presses de l'Universite? Laval, Que?bec, 216 pp; Herkert, J.K., The effects of habitat fragmentation on midwestern grassland bird communities (1994) Ecol. Appl., 4, pp. 461-471; Jean, M., Bouchard, A., La ve?ge?tation de deux toubie?res de la municipalite? re?gionale de comte? du Haut-Saint-Laurent (Que?bec) (1987) Can. J. Bot., 65, pp. 1969-1988; Jean, M., Bouchard, A., Temporal Changes in Wetland Landscapes of a Section of the St. Lawrence River, Canada (1991) Environ. Manage, 15, pp. 241-250; Jean, M., Bouchard, A., Riverine wetland vegetation: Importance of small-scale and large-scale environmental variation (1993) J. Veg. Sci., 4, pp. 609-620; Lord, R.A., (1968) A Study of Private Forest Landownership in Soulanges and Huntingdon Counties, Que?bec, , Department of Woodlot Management, MacDonald College, McGill University, 122 pp; Meeus, J.H.A., Pan-European landscapes (1995) Landscape Urb. Plann., 31, pp. 57-79; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The use of understory species as indicators of landform ecosystem type in heavily disturbed forest: An evaluation in the Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1992) Vegetatio, 102, pp. 13-32; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The relation between geomorphology and forest community types of the Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1994) Vegetatio, 111, pp. 173-192; Meilleur, A., Ve?ronneau, H., Bouchard, A., Shrub communities as inhibitors of plant succession in southern Que?bec (1994) Environ. Manage, 18, pp. 907-921; Sellar, R., (1888) The History of Huntingdon and the Seigniories of Beauharnois and Cha?teauguay, , Huntingdon Gleaner Inc., Huntingdon; Simard, H., Bouchard, A., The precolonial 19th century forest of the Upper St. Lawrence region of Que?bec: A record of its exploitation and transformation through notary deeds of wood sales (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 1670-1676; Urban, D.L., Shugart, H.H., Avian demography in mosaic landscapes: Modeling paradigm and preliminary results (1986) Modeling Habitat Relationships in Terrestrial Vertebrates, pp. 279-293. , J. Verner (Editor). University of Wisconsin Press, Madisson; Wegner, J.F., Merriam, G., Movements by birds and small mammals between a wood and adjoining farmland habitats (1979) J. Appl. Ecol., 16, pp. 349-357. },
    ABSTRACT = { Owing to its late colonization, (circa 1800), the region of the Haut-Saint Laurent of Quebec is of high interest for the study of the transformations of the natural landscapes of North-Eastern America. Fourteen years of work by a multidisciplinary team and the utilization of some little-used data sources (notary deeds, nominative censuses), make the considerable scope of these changes evident. First, wetlands have been altered by human activities to the point that alder scrub is invading the marshes and black spruce has been eradicated from the bogs. Secondly, after a rapid expansion during the 19th century, agricultural use is now in steady decline on areas covered by morainic deposits. Thirdly, forest exploitation has changed precolonial vegetation to the point that what was once perceived as a climatic climax (sugar maple-hickory) is now understood to be an anthropic climax. Overall, the various studies discussed in this paper lead to the conclusion that today's Haut-Saint-Laurent landscapes are in need of reconstruction. This reconstruction must take into account the new rural context, where agriculture is no longer the dominant activity, and must utilize the theories and methods of landscape ecology. },
    KEYWORDS = { Landscape ecology Quebec Reconstruction Transformations of natural landscapes climax vegetation human activity landscape change man-environment relations management implication natural resources resources management vegetation history Canada, Quebec, Haut-Saint-Laurent Acer saccharum Aceraceae Alnaus Betulaceae Carya Juglandaceae Picea abies Pinaceae },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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