LajeunesseDomonCogliastroEtAl1997

Référence

Lajeunesse, D., Domon, G., Cogliastro, A., Bouchard, A. (1997) Monitoring recreational use in urban natural areas. Natural Areas Journal, 17(4):366-379.

Résumé

We present a methodological framework for monitoring the effects of recreational use in urban nature parks. The framework, developed for the Montreal Urban Community nature parks network, consists of three levels of monitoring efforts: (1) and inventory and evaluation of the trail system, (2) monitoring of the actual degradation taking place in the physical components and vegetation cover of the trails, and (3) monitoring of changes in plant species composition along main trails. The amount of effort allocated to the monitoring and the type of information to be obtained vary with each level. Six indices are used to follow changes in plant species composition. These indices measure the following aspects of the vegetation: diversity of plant species composition, tolerance to shade, tolerance to soil moisture, biological life forms, number of exotic species, and a similarly coefficient. Use of these indices should allow the detection of shifts in species composition induced by disturbance. We applied the monitoring framework in a pilot study area and use the results of that study to further describe the different levels of the proposed monitoring program.

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@ARTICLE { LajeunesseDomonCogliastroEtAl1997,
    AUTHOR = { Lajeunesse, D. and Domon, G. and Cogliastro, A. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Monitoring recreational use in urban natural areas },
    JOURNAL = { Natural Areas Journal },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 17 },
    PAGES = { 366-379 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 08858608 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 4 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: NAJOE Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Lajeunesse, D.; Inst. de Recherche/Biologie Vegetale; Jardin Botanique de Montreal; 4101 est Sherbrooke Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: cogliasa@ere.umontreal.ca References: Bondrup-Nielsen, S., Herman, T.B., Long-term monitoring of the environment: Panacea or placebo? (1995) Ecosystem Monitoring and Protected Areas, pp. 22-26. , T.B. Herman, S. Bondrup-Nielsen, J.H.M. Willison, and N.W.P. Munro, eds., Science and Management of Protected Areas Association Publishers, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada; Cole, D.N., Research on soil and vegetation in wilderness: A state of knowledge review (1987) General Technical Report INT-220, pp. 135-177. , R.C. Lucas, ed., National wilderness research conference: issues, state-of -knowledge, future directions. US. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Ogden, Utah; Cole, D.N., Bayfield, N.G., Recreational trampling of vegetation: Standard experimental procedures (1993) Biological Conservation, 63, pp. 209-215; Dansereau, P., L'e?rablie?re laurentienne I. Valeur d'indice des espe?ces (1943) Canadian Journal of Research, 21, pp. 66-91; Del Moral, R., Predicting human impact on high elevation ecosystems (1979) Recreational Impacts on Wildlands, Report R-6-001-1979, pp. 292-303. , R. Ittner, D.R. Potter, J.A. Agee, and S. Anschell, eds., U.S. Forest Service, Seattle, Wash; Graham, S.A., Scoring tolerance of forest trees (1954) Michigan Forestry No. 4, 4. , School of Natural Resources, University of Michigan; Highshoe, G.L., (1988) Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America: A Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers, , Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York; Hill, M.O., Diversity and evenness: A unifying notation and its consequences (1973) Ecology, 54, pp. 427-432; Jim, C.Y., Trampling impacts of recreationists on picnic sites in a Hong Kong country park (1987) Environmental Conservation, 14, pp. 117-127; Kuss, F.R., A review of major factors influencing plant responses to recreation impacts (1986) Environmental Management, 10, pp. 637-650; Kuss, F.R., Graeffe, A.R., Effects of recreation trampling on natural area vegetation (1985) Journal of Leisure Research, 17, pp. 165-183; Lajeunesse, D., Domon, G., Drapeau, P., Cogliastro, A., Bouchard, A., Development and application of an ecosystem management approach for protected natural areas (1995) Environmental Management, 19, pp. 481-495; Lajeunesse, D., Domon, G., Cogliastro, A., Drapeau, P., Bouchard, A., Monitoring: An essential component of an ecosystem management plan (1995) Ecosystem Monitoring and Protected Areas, pp. 115-124. , T.B. Herman, S. Bondrup-Nielsen, J.H.M. Willison, and N.W.P. Munro, eds., Science and Management of Protected Areas Association Publishers, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada; Landres, P.B., The role of ecological monitoring in managing wilderness (1995) Trends, 32, pp. 10-13; Legendre, P., Legendre, L., (1984) E?cologie Nume?rique. 2.La Structure Des Donne?es E?cologiques (2nd Ed.), p. 254. , Masson et les Presses de l'Universite? du Que?bec Publishers, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; Lorimer, C.G., A test of the accuracy of shade-tolerance classifications based on physiognomic and reproductive traits (1983) Canadian Journal of Botany, 61, pp. 1595-1598; Ludwig, J.A., Reynolds, J.F., Statistical Ecology (1988) A Primer on Methods and Computing, p. 337. , John Wiley and Sons, New York; Peet, R.K., The measurement of species diversity (1974) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 5, pp. 285-307; (1993) SAS/STAT ? User's Guide, Release 6.08, , SAS Institute, Inc., Cary, N.C; Scoggan, H.J., (1978) The Flora of Canada, 4, p. 1117. , Publications in Botany, National Museums of Canada, Ottawa; Spellerberg, I.F., (1991) Monitoring Ecological Change, , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge; Sun, D., Liddle, M.J., A survey of trampling effects on vegetation and soil in eight tropical and subtropical sites (1993) Environmental Management, 17, pp. 497-510; Taylor, K.C., Reader, R.J., Larson, D.W., Scale-dependent inconsistencies in the effects of trampling on a forest understorey community (1993) Environmental Management, 17, pp. 239-248; Trimble, G.R., Summaries of some silvical characteristics of several Appalachian hardwood trees (1974) General Technical Report NE-16, , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service; Woodley, S., Monitoring and measuring ecosystem integrity in Canadian national parks (1993) Ecological Integrity and the Management of Ecosystems, pp. 155-176. , S. Woodley, J. Kay, and G. Francis, eds. St. Lucie Press, Del-Ray Beach, Florida; Woodley, S., Forbes, G., Ecosystem Management and Protected Areas: Principles, Problems and Practicalities (1995) Ecosystem Monitoring and Protected Areas, pp. 50-58. , T.B. Herman, S. Bondrup-Nielsen, J.H.M. Willison, and N.W.P. Munro, eds., Science and Management of Protected Areas Association Publishers, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada. },
    ABSTRACT = { We present a methodological framework for monitoring the effects of recreational use in urban nature parks. The framework, developed for the Montreal Urban Community nature parks network, consists of three levels of monitoring efforts: (1) and inventory and evaluation of the trail system, (2) monitoring of the actual degradation taking place in the physical components and vegetation cover of the trails, and (3) monitoring of changes in plant species composition along main trails. The amount of effort allocated to the monitoring and the type of information to be obtained vary with each level. Six indices are used to follow changes in plant species composition. These indices measure the following aspects of the vegetation: diversity of plant species composition, tolerance to shade, tolerance to soil moisture, biological life forms, number of exotic species, and a similarly coefficient. Use of these indices should allow the detection of shifts in species composition induced by disturbance. We applied the monitoring framework in a pilot study area and use the results of that study to further describe the different levels of the proposed monitoring program. },
    KEYWORDS = { Long-term study Monitoring Recreational use Urban parks degradation environmental monitoring methodology monitoring recreation recreational use species composition urban park Canada, Quebec, Montreal },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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