CogliastroGagnonDaigleEtAl2003

Référence

Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Daigle, S. and Bouchard, A. (2003) Improving hardwood afforestation success: An analysis of the effects of soil properties in southwestern Quebec. Forest Ecology and Management, 177(1-3):347-359.

Résumé

Seven hardwood tree species, planted over five different soil types on abandoned farmland sites of southwestern Quebec, and free of competition for light and soil resources, are assessed (at 7 years) in order to identify soil properties associated with their successful establishment and growth. Best red oak and bur oak "live stem growth" (height or diameter of surviving trees only) occurred on soils derived from non-dolomitic parent material (less alkaline). "Total red oak growth" (height or diameter weighted to include mortality effect by dividing by initial number of trees) was reduced with higher soil water content. Mean soil water content was positively associated to live stem growth of red ash and black walnut, and negatively related to total white ash growth. Analyses of white ash also indicated that highest "total tree diameter" (diameter weighted to include mortality) was positively associated with soil nitrification. Best white ash growth was attained where lower foliar concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus were measured, thus raising the question of long term growth advantage on these soils. High soil nitrogen mineralization was important in producing high mean live stem growth of black walnut and butternut. Species which can maximize productivity on each soil type were identified to improve afforestation success on former farmland. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { CogliastroGagnonDaigleEtAl2003,
    AUTHOR = { Cogliastro, A. and Gagnon, D. and Daigle, S. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Improving hardwood afforestation success: An analysis of the effects of soil properties in southwestern Quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 177 },
    PAGES = { 347-359 },
    NUMBER = { 1-3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 3 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Cogliastro, A.; Inst. de Rech. en Biol. Ve?g.; Jardin Botanique de Montre?al; Universite? de Montre?al; 4101 ate Sherbrooke Est Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: cogliasa@magellan.umontreal.ca References: Balandier, P., A method to evaluate needs and efficiency of formative pruning of fast-growing broad-leaved trees and results of an annual pruning (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 809-816; Bariteau, L., (1988) La Carte Ge?omorphologique au 1:20 000 de Modele?s Polyge?niques: un Exemple des Basses Terres du Saint-Laurent, , M.Sc. Thesis. Universite? de Montre?al, Montre?al; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Use of ecological groups in analysis and classification of plant communities in a section of western Quebec (1983) Vegetatio, 56, pp. 45-63; Bowling, C., Zelazny, V., Forest site classification in New Brunswick (1992) For. Chron., 68, pp. 34-41; Burns, R.M., Honkala, B.H., (1990) Silvics of North America. 2. Hardwoods, , US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC; Chapin, F.S., The mineral nutrition of wild plants (1980) Ann. Rev. Ecol. Syst., 11, pp. 233-260; Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Bouchard, A., Experimental determination of soil characteristics optimal for the growth of ten hardwoods planted on abandoned farmland (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 96, pp. 49-63; Colin-Belgrand, M., La nutrition du che?ne rouge d'Ame?rique: Principales normes de composition foliaire en vue d'un diagnostic (1994) Le Che?ne Rouge d'Ame?rique, pp. 101-111. , Timbal, J., Kremer, A., Goff, N.L., Nepveu, G. (Eds.). INRA, Paris; Domon, G., Bouchard, A., Garie?py, M., The dynamics of the forest landscape of Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec, Canada): Interactions between biophysical factors, perceptions and policy (1993) Landscape Urb. Plann., 25, pp. 53-74; Donohue, R.L., Miller, R.W., Shickluna, J.C., (1983) Soils: An Introduction to Soils and Plant Growth, Fifth Ed., , Prentice-Hall, Englewood cliffs, NJ; Falkengren-Gremp, V., Interspecies differences in the preference of ammonium and nitrate in vascular plants (1995) Oecologia, 102, pp. 305-311; Gauthier, S., Gagnon, D., La ve?ge?tation des contreforts des Laurentides: Une analyse des gradients e?cologiques et du niveau successionnel des communaute?s (1990) Can. J. Bot., 68, pp. 391-401; Hightshoe, G.L., (1988) Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America: A Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers, , Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York; Houerou, H.N.L., Vegetation and land-use in the Mediterranean basin by the year 2050: A perspective study (1992) Climate Changes and the Mediterranean: Environmental and Societal Impacts of Climatic Change and Sea-Level Rise in the Mediterranean Region, pp. 175-232. , Jeftic, L., Milliman, J.D., Sestini, G. (Eds.). Edward Arnold, London, UK; Johnson, L.B., Analysing spatial and temporal phenomena using geographical information systems (1990) Landscape Ecol., 4, pp. 31-43; Kaiser, H.F., Cerny, B.A., Little jiffy, mark IV (1974) Educ. Psycho. Meas., 34, pp. 111-117; Keeney, D.R., Nelson, D.W., Nitrogen-inorganic forms (1982) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiological Properties, pp. 643-698. , Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., Keeny, D.R. (Eds.). American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI; Marschner, H., (1995) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, , Academic Press, Toronto; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The relation between geomorphology and forest community types of the Haut-St.-Laurent, Quebec (1994) Vegetatio, 111, pp. 173-192; Millet, J., Bouchard, A., E?delin, C., Relationship between architecture and successional status of trees in the temperate deciduous forest (1999) Ecoscience, 6 (2), pp. 187-203; (2000) Sommaire Climatologique du Que?bec, , Station St-Anicet, Direction des re?seaux atmosphe?riques, Gouvernement du Que?bec; Orwig, D.A., Abrams, M.D., Land-use history (1720-1992), composition and dynamics of oak-pine forests within the piedmont and coastal plain of northern Virginia (1994) Can. J. For. Res., 24, pp. 1216-1225; Parent, L.E., Dafir, M., A theoretical concept of compositional nutrient diagnosis (1992) J. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci., 117, pp. 239-242; Raison, R.J., Connel, M.J., Khanna, P.K., Methodology for studying fluxes of soil mineral-N in situ (1987) Soil Biol. Biochem., 19, pp. 521-530; (1989) SAS/STAT? User's Guide, Version 6, Fourth Ed., 1. , SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC; Sims, R.A., Uhlig, P., The current status of forest site classification in Ontario (1992) For. Chron., 68, pp. 64-77; Smith, M.L., Community and edaphic analysis of upland northern hardwood communities, Central Vermont, USA (1995) For. Ecol. Manage., 72, pp. 235-249; Stenger, R., Priesack, E., Beese, F., In situ studies of soil mineral N fluxes: Some comments on the applicability of the sequential soil coring method in arable soils (1996) Plant Soil, 183, pp. 199-211; St-Jacques, C., Gagnon, D., La ve?ge?tation forestie?re du secteur nord-ouest de la valle?e du Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1988) Can. J. Bot., 66, pp. 793-804; Truax, B., Gagnon, D., Chevrier, N., Nitrate reductase activity in relation to growth and soil N forms in red oak and red ash planted in three different environments: Forest, clear-cut and field (1994) For. Ecol. Manage., 64, pp. 71-82; Tyree, M.T., Cochard, H., Cruiziat, P., Sinclair, B., Ameglio, T., Drought-induced leaf shedding in walnut - Evidence for vulnerability segmentation (1993) Plant Cell Environ., 16, pp. 879-882; Van Breemen, N., Finzi, A.C., Canham, C.D., Canopy tree - Soil interactions within temperate forests: Effects of soil elemental composition and texture on species distributions (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 1110-1116; Von Althen, F.W., (1985) Spacing Trials in Black Walnut, White Ash and Silver Maple Plantations, , Information Report 0-x-365. Great Lakes Forest Research Centre, Canadian Forestry Service; Von Althen, F.W., (1990) Hardwood Planting on Abandoned Farmland in Southern Ontario: Revised Guide, , Catalogue No. Fo 42-150/1990E. Minister of Supply and Services Canada. },
    ABSTRACT = { Seven hardwood tree species, planted over five different soil types on abandoned farmland sites of southwestern Quebec, and free of competition for light and soil resources, are assessed (at 7 years) in order to identify soil properties associated with their successful establishment and growth. Best red oak and bur oak "live stem growth" (height or diameter of surviving trees only) occurred on soils derived from non-dolomitic parent material (less alkaline). "Total red oak growth" (height or diameter weighted to include mortality effect by dividing by initial number of trees) was reduced with higher soil water content. Mean soil water content was positively associated to live stem growth of red ash and black walnut, and negatively related to total white ash growth. Analyses of white ash also indicated that highest "total tree diameter" (diameter weighted to include mortality) was positively associated with soil nitrification. Best white ash growth was attained where lower foliar concentrations of nitrogen and phosphorus were measured, thus raising the question of long term growth advantage on these soils. High soil nitrogen mineralization was important in producing high mean live stem growth of black walnut and butternut. Species which can maximize productivity on each soil type were identified to improve afforestation success on former farmland. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Foliar nutrients Forest management Hardwood plantation Nitrogen mineralization Old fields Regeneration Silvicultural guide Species selection Forestry Nitrification Phosphorus Soils Water Mineralization Hardwoods afforestation forest management forestry production growth soil property Forests Hardwoods Nitrification Soil Water Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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