RaymondPrevostRoy2020

Référence

Raymond, P., Prévost, M., Roy, V. (2020) Silvicultural options for rehabilitating high-graded mixedwood stands in northeastern North America. Forest Ecology and Management, 466. (Scopus )

Résumé

In northeastern North America, mixed hardwood-conifer forests have commonly been harvested with selective practices such as diameter-limit cutting. By removing trees of highest commercial value, these cuts often left stands with highly variable density and reduced volume, less species diversity, and lower wood quality. The lack of care to the regenerating layer also resulted in regeneration deficiencies, especially on productive sites supporting yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton)-conifer stands. We assessed the 15-yr effects of four rehabilitation scenarios on stand growth, quality, vigor and regeneration in an experiment established in Quebec, Canada. The trial compared untreated experimental units (e.g. control), uniform shelterwood method (50 overstory trees/ha), strip clearcutting (20-m strips), and seed-tree method (10 overstory trees/ha), all combined with 3 site preparation treatments (no scarification, mechanical raking, and spot scarification). After 15 years, the ongoing recovery of growth, vigor and regeneration in the control and untreated part of the strip clearcut plot reflected the resilient nature of these mixedwood stands, with conifer (Abies balsamea [L.] Mill., Picea rubens Sarg., Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) saplings and poles contributing to the recovery of total BA and that of vigorous trees (i.e. acceptable growing stock [AGS]). The control and strip clearcut treatments, however, had high BA of unacceptable growing stock. Shelterwood plots recovered more slowly in BA and AGS, but had greater BA of high-quality trees than the control. Seed-tree method was less optimal because of its slow recovery and high understory competition. The lack of synchronization with a good seed year limited the efficiency of scarification, and increased the abundance of non-commercial species. An active rehabilitation strategy combining shelterwood system and ground disturbance (e.g. raking) during a good seed year should help to improve stand quality and regeneration. Yet, our results indicate that retaining conifers in the understory and overstory would ensure a seed source and accelerate recovery. Where seed sources and conifer advance regeneration are lacking, enrichment planting may be necessary to maintain a mixedwood composition over time. © 2020

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@ARTICLE { RaymondPrevostRoy2020,
    AUTHOR = { Raymond, P. and Prévost, M. and Roy, V. },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    TITLE = { Silvicultural options for rehabilitating high-graded mixedwood stands in northeastern North America },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 1 },
    VOLUME = { 466 },
    ABSTRACT = { In northeastern North America, mixed hardwood-conifer forests have commonly been harvested with selective practices such as diameter-limit cutting. By removing trees of highest commercial value, these cuts often left stands with highly variable density and reduced volume, less species diversity, and lower wood quality. The lack of care to the regenerating layer also resulted in regeneration deficiencies, especially on productive sites supporting yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britton)-conifer stands. We assessed the 15-yr effects of four rehabilitation scenarios on stand growth, quality, vigor and regeneration in an experiment established in Quebec, Canada. The trial compared untreated experimental units (e.g. control), uniform shelterwood method (50 overstory trees/ha), strip clearcutting (20-m strips), and seed-tree method (10 overstory trees/ha), all combined with 3 site preparation treatments (no scarification, mechanical raking, and spot scarification). After 15 years, the ongoing recovery of growth, vigor and regeneration in the control and untreated part of the strip clearcut plot reflected the resilient nature of these mixedwood stands, with conifer (Abies balsamea [L.] Mill., Picea rubens Sarg., Picea glauca [Moench] Voss) saplings and poles contributing to the recovery of total BA and that of vigorous trees (i.e. acceptable growing stock [AGS]). The control and strip clearcut treatments, however, had high BA of unacceptable growing stock. Shelterwood plots recovered more slowly in BA and AGS, but had greater BA of high-quality trees than the control. Seed-tree method was less optimal because of its slow recovery and high understory competition. The lack of synchronization with a good seed year limited the efficiency of scarification, and increased the abundance of non-commercial species. An active rehabilitation strategy combining shelterwood system and ground disturbance (e.g. raking) during a good seed year should help to improve stand quality and regeneration. Yet, our results indicate that retaining conifers in the understory and overstory would ensure a seed source and accelerate recovery. Where seed sources and conifer advance regeneration are lacking, enrichment planting may be necessary to maintain a mixedwood composition over time. © 2020 },
    AFFILIATION = { Direction de la recherche forestière, Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs, 2700 rue Einstein, Québec, Québec G1P 3W8, Canada; Centre canadien sur la fibre de bois, Service canadien des forêts, Ressources naturelles Canada, 1055 Rue du Peps, Québec, QC G1V 4C7, Canada },
    ART_NUMBER = { 118137 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Active restoration; Degraded forests; Forest rehabilitation; Mixedwood silviculture; Red spruce; Regeneration methods },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.foreco.2020.118137 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85082797032&doi=10.1016%2fj.foreco.2020.118137&partnerID=40&md5=919b89bb784bee2420a03e193498ebdd },
}

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