KatanPerez2021

Référence

Katan, J., Perez, L. (2021) ABWiSE v1.0: Toward an agent-based approach to simulating wildfire spread. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 21(10):3141-3160. (Scopus )

Résumé

Wildfires are a complex phenomenon emerging from interactions between air, heat, and vegetation, and while they are an important component of many ecosystems' dynamics, they pose great danger to those ecosystems, as well as human life and property. Wildfire simulation models are an important research tool that help further our understanding of fire behaviour and can allow experimentation without recourse to live fires. Current fire simulation models fit into two general categories: empirical models and physical models. We present a new modelling approach that uses agent-based modelling to combine the complexity possible with physical models with the ease of computation of empirical models. Our model represents the fire front as a set of moving agents that respond to, and interact with, vegetation, wind, and terrain. We calibrate the model using two simulated fires and one real fire and validate the model against another real fire and the interim behaviour of the real calibration fire. Our model successfully replicates these fires, with a figure of merit on par with simulations by the Prometheus simulation model. Our model is a stepping-stone in using agent-based modelling for fire behaviour simulation, as we demonstrate the ability of agent-based modelling to replicate fire behaviour through emergence alone. © 2021 Jeffrey Katan.

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@ARTICLE { KatanPerez2021,
    AUTHOR = { Katan, J. and Perez, L. },
    JOURNAL = { Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences },
    TITLE = { ABWiSE v1.0: Toward an agent-based approach to simulating wildfire spread },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 10 },
    PAGES = { 3141-3160 },
    VOLUME = { 21 },
    ABSTRACT = { Wildfires are a complex phenomenon emerging from interactions between air, heat, and vegetation, and while they are an important component of many ecosystems' dynamics, they pose great danger to those ecosystems, as well as human life and property. Wildfire simulation models are an important research tool that help further our understanding of fire behaviour and can allow experimentation without recourse to live fires. Current fire simulation models fit into two general categories: empirical models and physical models. We present a new modelling approach that uses agent-based modelling to combine the complexity possible with physical models with the ease of computation of empirical models. Our model represents the fire front as a set of moving agents that respond to, and interact with, vegetation, wind, and terrain. We calibrate the model using two simulated fires and one real fire and validate the model against another real fire and the interim behaviour of the real calibration fire. Our model successfully replicates these fires, with a figure of merit on par with simulations by the Prometheus simulation model. Our model is a stepping-stone in using agent-based modelling for fire behaviour simulation, as we demonstrate the ability of agent-based modelling to replicate fire behaviour through emergence alone. © 2021 Jeffrey Katan. },
    AFFILIATION = { Laboratory of Environmental Geosimulation (LEDGE), Department of Geography, Université de Montréal, 1375, Avenue Thérèse Lavoie-Roux, Montreal, QC H2V 0B3, Canada },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.5194/nhess-21-3141-2021 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85117906319&doi=10.5194%2fnhess-21-3141-2021&partnerID=40&md5=84cf62ad5380d1e562b75d435333fca6 },
}

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