MeilleurVeronneauBouchard1997

Référence

Meilleur, A., Veronneau, H., Bouchard, A. (1997) Shrub propagation techniques for biological control of invading tree species. Environmental Management, 21(3):433-442.

Résumé

The use of relatively stable shrub communities to control invasion by trees could be an efficient way of reducing herbicide applications, and thus represents an environmental gain, in areas such as rights-of-way. The question is how to favor the expansion of these relatively stable shrub communities using different propagation techniques. Three experimental treatments, cutting back, layering, and cutting back-layering were performed on Cornus stolonifera, Salix petiolaris, and Spiraea alba clones already located within the corridor of an electrical power line. To establish the efficiency of treatments, we examined the statistical differences of growth traits between species and treatments. An analysis of the effects of layering shows, after the first growth season, differences for all growth traits in only one species, Spiraea alba. After the second growth season, we observed the development of new aerial stems. Layering favors horizontal expansion of shrubs over height development. The third year after treatment, the effect of layering is reduced except for Cornus stolonifera, which continuously increases, as shown by the significant progression of the clone issued from the layer even five years after treatments. With the cutting back technique, we expected a distinct vertical growth of the shrubs at the expense of increasing the crown diameter. This technique would be best associated with the rejuvenation of clones, followed by a layering of new shoots to allow a horizontal expansion of the shrubs. Therefore, the formation of a dense shrub community by layering should be considered a valuable approach for the biological control of undesirable trees in powerline rights-of-way.

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@ARTICLE { MeilleurVeronneauBouchard1997,
    AUTHOR = { Meilleur, A. and Veronneau, H. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Shrub propagation techniques for biological control of invading tree species },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Management },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 21 },
    PAGES = { 433-442 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 0364152X (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: EMNGD doi: 10.1007/s002679900040 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Meilleur, A.; Inst. recherche biologie vegatale; 4101 est, rue Sherbrooke Montreal, Que. 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II. The principal plant associations of the Saint Lawrence valley (1959) Contributions de l'Institut Botanique de l'Universite? de Montre?al, 75, pp. 1-147; Dickinson, M., Putz, F.E., Canham, C.D., Canopy gap closure in Gray dogwood thickets (1993) Vegetation Dynamics Along Utility Rights-of-way: Factors Affecting the Ability of Shrub and Herbaceous Communities to Resist Invasion by Trees, pp. 73-84. , C. D. Canham (ed.) 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M. McKell (ed.), Academic Press, San Diego; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Le contro?le biologique de la ve?ge?tation incompatible sous les lignes de transport d'e?lectricite? d'Hydro-Que?bec. Phase I: Cas de la MRC du Haut-Saint-Laurent, circuit 7040 (1989) Rapport Annuel Pour la Vice-pre?sidence Environnement, Hydro-Que?bec, 83p. , Universite? de Montre?al; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The uses of understory species as indicators of landform ecosystems in heavily disturbed forests: An evaluation in the Haut-Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1992) Vegetatio, 102, pp. 13-32; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The relation between geomophology and forest community types of the Haut-Saint-Laurent, Quebec (1994) Vegetatio, 111, pp. 173-192; Meilleur, A., Ve?ronneau, H., Bouchard, A., Shrub communities as inhibitors of plant succession in southern Que?bec (1994) Environmental Management, 18, pp. 907-921; Morin, E., Bouchard, A., Jutras, P., Ecological analysis of disturbed riverbanks in the Montre?al area of Que?bec (1989) Environmental Management, 13, pp. 215-225; Niering, W.A., Egler, F.E., A shrub community of Viburnum Lentago, stable for twenty-five years (1955) Ecology, 36, pp. 356-360; Niering, W.A., Goodwin, R.H., Creation of relatively stable shrublands with herbicides: Arresting "succession" on rights-of-way and pastureland (1974) Ecology, 55, pp. 784-795; Niering, W.A., Dreyer, F.E., Egler, F.E., Anderson, J.P., Stability of Viburnum Lentago shrub community after 50 years stable (1986) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 113, pp. 23-27; Pound, C.E., Egler, F.E., Brush control in southeastern New York: Fifteen years of stable tree-less communities (1953) Ecology, 34, pp. 63-73; Prichonnet, G., La de?glaciation de la valle?e du Saint-Laurent et l'invasion marine contemporaine (1977) Ge?ographie Physique et Quaternaire, 31, pp. 323-345; Rowe, J.S., (1972) Les Re?gions Forestie?res du Canada, 172p. , Service des fore?ts, Environnement Canada, Ottawa. Publication 1300F; Welch, W.E., (1984) Control of Unwanted Vegetation on Transmission Line Rights-of-way by Compatible Species, , Environmental Resources Section, Transmission Environment Department, Ontario Hydro. ST-173; White, K.L., Shrub-carrs of southeastern Wisconsin (1965) Ecology, 46, pp. 286-304; Wilson, C.V., Le climat du Que?bec (1971) Atlas Climatologique, 1 Ie?re Partie, , Service me?te?orologique du Canada, Ottawa. },
    ABSTRACT = { The use of relatively stable shrub communities to control invasion by trees could be an efficient way of reducing herbicide applications, and thus represents an environmental gain, in areas such as rights-of-way. The question is how to favor the expansion of these relatively stable shrub communities using different propagation techniques. Three experimental treatments, cutting back, layering, and cutting back-layering were performed on Cornus stolonifera, Salix petiolaris, and Spiraea alba clones already located within the corridor of an electrical power line. To establish the efficiency of treatments, we examined the statistical differences of growth traits between species and treatments. An analysis of the effects of layering shows, after the first growth season, differences for all growth traits in only one species, Spiraea alba. After the second growth season, we observed the development of new aerial stems. Layering favors horizontal expansion of shrubs over height development. The third year after treatment, the effect of layering is reduced except for Cornus stolonifera, which continuously increases, as shown by the significant progression of the clone issued from the layer even five years after treatments. With the cutting back technique, we expected a distinct vertical growth of the shrubs at the expense of increasing the crown diameter. This technique would be best associated with the rejuvenation of clones, followed by a layering of new shoots to allow a horizontal expansion of the shrubs. Therefore, the formation of a dense shrub community by layering should be considered a valuable approach for the biological control of undesirable trees in powerline rights-of-way. },
    KEYWORDS = { Cornus stolonifera Cutting back Layering Quebec Right-of-way Safix petiolaris Spiraea alba environmental planning plant growth Electric lines Plants (botany) Rights of way Statistical methods Weed control Biological control Shrub propagation Ecosystems biological control invasive plant layering shrub propagation Cornaceae Cornus stolonifera Rosaceae Salicaceae Salix petiolaris Spiraea alba },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.04 },
}

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